Mac OS X
Welcome to the OpenMoko page devoted to MacOS X users!
Here you can find notes of using Neo1973 (and maybe other OM devices) with Mac.
Flashing to your device
To operate the Phase 1 devices, you need to flash a root file system first.
NOTE: you need an Intel Mac to run dfu-util since it is currently broken on big-endian machines (PowerPC).
Here is a detailed instruction:
- If you don't have Mac OS X 10.4.10 (Apple already ships a more stable CDC ECM driver, and DFU through libusb doesn't need a driver at all):
- download the latest version of AJZaurusUSB from http://www.dsitri.de/wiki.php?page=AJZaurusUSB
- run 'sudo kextload /System/Library/Extensions/AJZaurusUSB.kext' from Terminal (or reboot your Mac as described - but you do not need to configure AJZaurusUSB it before flashing the OpenMoko)
- download the latest version of OpenMoko Flasher from http://www.dsitri.de/wiki.php?page=OpenMoko%20Flasher
- [V1.0 only: create a new Folder at "~/Library/Caches/OpenMoko Flasher"]
- press the Refresh button (which loads the list of packages on the server)
- select and load the rootfs (takes some minutes for approx. 40 MByte)
- [V1.0 and V1.1 only: open the Console application and show the console.log]
- Now, on your OpenMoko, hold the AUX button while pressing the Power button for 5 seconds
- the BOOT menu should appear
- connect the USB cable
- Press the Flash button
- the BOOT menu screen on the OM should show an indication that it has been switched to DFU mode
- if it fails), unplug the OpenMoko shortly and replug and try again (experience shows that it is needed up to three times)
- if it successfully flashed, you should be able to boot the OpenMoko and continue configuring AJZaurusUSB
The dfu-utils tool is included in the OpenMoko Flasher application; you can access it as OpenMoko Flasher.app/Contents/MacOS/dfu-util ; alternatively, you can compile dfu-util manually as described at http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/User:SNMoore
Connecting to your device
The USB driver creates cu and tty character devices, for example
$ ls -la /dev/tty.usb* crw-rw-rw- 1 root wheel 10, 18 Aug 23 14:10 /dev/tty.usbmodem00000001 $ ls -la /dev/cu.usb* crw-rw-rw- 1 root wheel 10, 19 Aug 23 14:10 /dev/cu.usbmodem00000001
USB Serial with screen
screen program is included with Mac OS X, and can be used from the terminal command line to connect to the serial console. To do this, simply get to a shell prompt in the terminal and invoke
screen as follows:
% screen /dev/ttyusbmodem00000001
You should find yourself at the U-boot serial console prompt. To get out, type
control+a followed by
USB Serial with minicom
The minicom program from the MacPorts collection can be used to access the USB serial port /dev/cu.usbmodem00000001 (numbering may vary.)
First install the program (assuming you already have MacPorts installed):
sudo port install minicom
Then launch it in configuration mode (the -s flag):
sudo minicom -s
Under "Serial Port Setup", set the Device to "/dev/cu.usbmodem00000001" and set Bps to "115200 8N1". Under "Modem and Dialing", enter empty strings for "Init string", "Reset string", and "Hang-up string". Save the setup as default ("dfl") then Exit.
You should now be able to access the bootloader console. You should exit from Minicom before disconnecting the smartphone, or else you will get an error about unplugging a USB device while it is in use.
USB Serial with Terminal
The built in Mac Terminal application Terminal.app can be used to access the USB serial port /dev/tty.usbmodem00000001 (numbering may vary.)
An easy way to do this is to configure the terminal with Script Editor, as described in the short article, Use 'screen' as a serial terminal emulator(macosxhints.com). Then,
- Press and hold AUX Button and then press and hold POWER for 5 seconds
- Press AUX Button to select Set console to USB in the U-Boot menu, and POWER to execute it
- Start the serial terminal application. You should see a U-Boot command line prompt, such as
In: usbtty Out: usbtty Err: usbtty DEVICE_CONFIGURED: 1 Enabling automatic fast charge GTA01Bv4 #
When you boot Linux on the smartphone, or if the smartphone powers down, Mac OS X will show a USB Device Unplug Notice, "The USB device has been unplugged while an application was still active. This can result in loss of data." This error is probably harmless.
You can telnet, SSH, SMB or do whatever you want if you install software that enables you to set up TCP/IP network over your USB connection.
MacOS X does not provide such a driver for RNDIS/Ethernet Gadget. But you can use an open source (GPL) universal driver http://www.dsitri.de/wiki.php?page=AJZaurusUSB which is developed for handheld devices like iPAQ, Sharp Zaurus, and Motorola A760. Download it and install according to manual found inside of the package.
After reboot, you should have a new Ethernet interface in your System Preferences/Network. Set up the network manually for that interface by using these addresses:
IP-V4: manual IP-Addr: 192.168.0.200 Subnet: 255.255.255.0 Router: 192.168.0.202
This might conflict with some WLAN routers which also use the 192.168.0.0 network.
You should be able to connect to your Neo! Try using ping 192.168.0.202 and the roundtrip time should be between 1 and 2 ms.
NOTE: the software is sometimes a bit flaky, and a reboot of the Mac seems to bring it back. It is especially critical about hot unplugging the OM and sleep modes of MacBooks. This may even result in a Kernel Panic.
Telnet, ssh, SMB
To Be Done.
After making the USB connection work, start ssh:
ssh -l root 192.168.0.202
If you don't have installed the key, it will ask for a "yes" on the first connection and for a password on each other. This is "root" unless you change it.
MacBook-hns:~ hns$ ssh -l root 192.168.0.202 email@example.com's password: root@fic-gta01:~$ hostname fic-gta01 root@fic-gta01:~$
NOTE: the ssh daemon (dropbear 0.49) on the OpenMoko appears to have a bug when sending the exit status back to the client. From time to time you receive an exit status of 255.
To Be Done. See also: Bluetooth_Support#PPP_Networking.
To Be Done.
This is not done yet. Possible solutions are SyncML or ZMacSync http://www.dsitri.de/wiki.php?page=ZMacSync
ZMacSync does not yet synchronize but allows more easy access to the OpenMoko through Terminal/ssh.
Mac as a server
Here is described how to enable your Mac to serve as a internet router for your OpenMoko device.
Go to Control Panel, click Sharing and click the Internet tab. Check all the ethernet (en) interfaces you want to enable Internet access for.
SSH into your Neo and create /etc/resolv.conf, specify your Internet router IP address as the name server.
This could help:
If you install AJZaurusUSB driver you should be able to set up your Mac as a router (not tested).
Neo1973 as a server
To Be Done.
Using virtualization software
You can use Parallels or VMWare to install your favourite Linux distribution and then develop just as on Linux.
There are some drawback since AFAIK dfu-util may not work correctly in such environments.
Don't bother with Parallels Desktop for Mac (<=3), the current USB support is terrible and USB storage keys don't even work so there was no way I would try dfu-util. USB keys work under VMWare Fusion for Mac though I have yet to try dfu-util in an VM under VMWare Fusion as there is OpenMoko Flasher for Mac. -- Eric
There are some efforts to get through process of compiling OE and OpenMoko under mac: OpenMoko_under_QEMU_on_MacOSX
Search Software Repositories
[Keyword OpenMoko] at VersionTracker
[Mac Issues Forum] at Open Embedded Software Foundation (was Zaurus User Group)