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Return to Navit.

Personal tools

Navit is one of the applications that runs on the Openmoko Phones. For a list of all applications, visit Applications

As described on the Navit home page,

"Navit is a car navigation system with routing engine.

Its modular design is capable of using vector maps of various formats for routing and rendering of the displayed map. It's even possible to use multiple maps at a time.

The GTK+ or SDL user interfaces are designed to work well with touch screen displays. Points of Interest of various formats are displayed on the map.

The current vehicle position is either read from gpsd or directly from NMEA GPS sensors."

Some people say Navit is also a good choice for pedestrian and bicycle navigation.



Thanks to Alessandro, stefan_schmidt, cp15 and all Navit developers I have done a small ("not really working") preview of Navit on Neo1973 at Telemobility Forum 2007. Thanks to GFoss guys to invite me. Tyrael

Setting up Navit

Install Navit


You can now simply add a feed from there :

Essentially, to enable this directory as feed and install or update navit do:

  • Only for the first time:
echo src navit >/etc/opkg/navit-feed.conf
opkg update
  • Always:
opkg install navit

Navit will be auto-updated when you run opkg upgrade later


Add this repository to /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb unstable main
deb-src unstable main


# apt-get update
# apt-get install navit

Set up the maps you want

The Easy Way

Use Navit pre-processed OSM maps. Navigate to the region you want, and click select to select it, select the region you want, then click download

If you just want the entire planet (as of this writing, ~1.8 GB), it's here.

CloudMade also has up-to-date maps from OpenStreetMap by country (by state in the US).

From the command line

OpenStreetMap - follow directions at

  • There are some pre-processed, up-to-date maps that can be grabbed with wget:
wget -O germany.bin,46.845703125,15.46875,55.634765625
wget -O map1.osm,47.5,-122,47.7
wget -O map2.osm,47.5,-122.2,47.7
wget -O map3.osm,47.3,-122.2,47.5
wget -O map4.osm,47.3,-122,47.5
  • A binary Navit map file needs to be created. The following uses osm2navit, and it's recommended that this command be used on something more powerful than the Neo:
cat *.osm | osm2navit --dedupe-ways mymap.bin

Copy the map to the NEO

To copy the map using scp (replace /directory as is appropriate in the following):

scp mymap.bin root@neo:/directory

Once it's somewhere on the NEO, Navit needs to know that it's there.

mkdir ~/.navit
cp /usr/share/navit/navit.xml ~/.navit/navit.xml
vi ~/.navit/navit.xml

In the navit.xml file, put the following into a new <mapset> section:

<map type="binfile" enabled="yes" data="/directory" />
  • Run navit
    • Start gllin (for GTA01)
    • Start gpsd ( gpsd /tmp/nmeaNP )
    • Start navit
  • The version of osm2navit with which you build the maps should match the version of navit you have. If in doubt, build the maps on the Openmoko.

Tips and Tricks

Center on Vehicle

Navit supports a "always center on vehicle" option.

To activate this add


to the vehicle tag in navit.xml. The "3" causes to give the gui time to do something between the repaints (drag the map or browse the menu). When its set to "1" navit does nothing more than repainting the map continuously.


Street names

They are now displayed on Openmoko using the CVS version of Navit (20071217).

Point selection by pen

Easier using the CVS version (20071217).

Route > Destination

The Route > Destination menu item crashes the software (20071217 and 0.04, but fixed in 0.1.0+svnrev1255).

A workaround is to set the LANG variable before calling navit. For example:

LANG=fr_FR.UTF-8 navit

Note that a short syntax (e.g. LANG=fr) would not work.

If you put an "export LANG=fr_FR.UTF-8" into your /etc/.profile file, it will automatically set this environment variable every time you boot up. This way, you can launch Navit from the Icon in Illume.


Navit can speak if you install eSpeak + speech-dispatcher and updates your navit.xml file.

For adventurous people, one way to do this:

  • mokoTTS aims to integrate these packages in OM:

install espeak, dotconf, and then speech-dispatcher. note: running 2008.8 updating from zecke's "testing" repo does not require "dotconf"

  • change the speech tag in navit.xml:

<speech type="cmdline" data="spd-say '%s'" />

or "spd-say -l fr '%s'" for using the French voice for example.


Downloadable Maps

Downloadable OSM maps for most areas of the world are available free in Navit format from Cloudmade at Simply navigate to the country or region you want and download the version of the map. You'll have to exatract the .bin file from the ZIP archive before using it with Navit.

Script to download OSM maps

Wurp wrote a little python script to download all OSM maps within a lat/long rectangle. Just copy the script to a file called, chmod +x it, and run it like <minimum latitude> <maximum latitude> <minimum longitude> <maximum longitude>

It takes a long time for large maps. I could optimize it some by having it try to get a big section at once, then if it fails, break it into smaller pieces and recurse. I'm not sure when/if I'll get around to that...


import os
import sys
#import math

def doIt(cmd):

def getOsms(basename, minLat, maxLat, minLon, maxLon):
'''basename - base name of map, maps are named {basename}{count}.osm
minLat - latitude of the west side of the map
maxLat - latitude of the east side of the map
minLon - longitude of the north side of the map
maxLon - longitude of the south side of the map'''

wgetCmdTemplate = 'wget -O %s%s.osm,%s,%s,%s'

currLat = minLat
mapCount = 0
while currLat < maxLat:
nextLat = min(currLat + 0.1, maxLat)

currLon = minLon
while currLon < maxLon:
nextLon = min(currLon + 0.1, maxLon)

doIt(wgetCmdTemplate % (basename, mapCount, currLon, currLat, nextLon, nextLat))

currLon = nextLon
mapCount = mapCount + 1

currLat = nextLat

(minLat, maxLat, minLon, maxLon) = map(float, sys.argv[1:])
getOsms('map', minLat, maxLat, minLon, maxLon)

Screenshot-3.png Navit

Navit is a car navigation system with routing engine.

Tested on: