U-boot-gena2x

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== List of changes ==
 
== List of changes ==
  
This version of u-boot is based on openmoko's stable branch of u-boot. Git can be viewed [http://www.bsdmn.com/cgit/cgit/u-boot/ here].
+
This version of U-Boot is based on openmoko's stable branch of U-Boot. Git can be viewed [http://www.bsdmn.com/cgit/cgit/u-boot/ here].
  
 
Significant patches are:
 
Significant patches are:
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* http://www.bsdmn.com/openmoko/uboot/binary/
 
* http://www.bsdmn.com/openmoko/uboot/binary/
  
to use u-boot as NAND bootloader, you should flash the binary to the special partition:
+
to use U-Boot as NAND bootloader, you should flash the binary to the special partition:
 
  sudo dfu-util -a u-boot -D u-boot_g2x_2.udfu
 
  sudo dfu-util -a u-boot -D u-boot_g2x_2.udfu
  
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NAND U-Boot occupies 2 partitions on NAND, one partition for U-Boot itself and one for it's configuration.
 
NAND U-Boot occupies 2 partitions on NAND, one partition for U-Boot itself and one for it's configuration.
  
To setup u-boot, the easiest way is to edit the simple text file on your computer and then upload it to your phone with dfu-util.
+
To setup U-Boot, the easiest way is to edit the simple text file on your computer and then upload it to your phone with dfu-util.
  
 
Sample text config may be found [http://www.bsdmn.com/openmoko/uboot/config/environment.in here]. This version supports various kinds of boot options in the menu. You may use it as a sample for your config.
 
Sample text config may be found [http://www.bsdmn.com/openmoko/uboot/config/environment.in here]. This version supports various kinds of boot options in the menu. You may use it as a sample for your config.
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*sd reads correct data only 50% of times, so sd boot  
 
*sd reads correct data only 50% of times, so sd boot  
 
*NAND hw ecc is not supported
 
*NAND hw ecc is not supported
*u-boot can't boot system if battery is fully discharged (workaround exist)
+
*U-Boot can't boot system if battery is fully discharged (workaround exist)
  
 
== Booting without battery/with completely discharged battery ==
 
== Booting without battery/with completely discharged battery ==

Revision as of 09:50, 10 February 2012

Bootloaders

I decided to put my version of U-Boot bootloader here, along with a short FAQ and list of known bugs. Please feel free to add your bugs or questions here.

The current version of U-Boot (U-Boot or U-boot-gena2x?) fully supports uploading and downloading via dfu, booting any known distro, is fully configurable, and has no known grave bugs.

Contents

List of changes

This version of U-Boot is based on openmoko's stable branch of U-Boot. Git can be viewed here.

Significant patches are:

Version 2:

  • GPS is not powered up on boot
  • Leave all serial ports setup to kernel

Version 1:

Binaries

Public freerunners should have the same bootloader (board v5 and later). Latest binary version is here:

to use U-Boot as NAND bootloader, you should flash the binary to the special partition:

sudo dfu-util -a u-boot -D u-boot_g2x_2.udfu

How to setup

NAND U-Boot occupies 2 partitions on NAND, one partition for U-Boot itself and one for it's configuration.

To setup U-Boot, the easiest way is to edit the simple text file on your computer and then upload it to your phone with dfu-util.

Sample text config may be found here. This version supports various kinds of boot options in the menu. You may use it as a sample for your config.

If you are switching from bootloader Qi, just boot your distro with Qi, then do cat /proc/cmdline and compare/update the parameters in your config file.

Then you can edit the config file to fit your needs, you should prepare it (this adds crc):

get envedit.pl and crc32.pl from [1] and run:

./envedit.pl -s 262144 -f environment.in > u-boot_env.in

then flash resulting file to configuration partition:

sudo dfu-util -a u-boot_env -D u-boot_env.in

Useful kernel options

option description
root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfs is second partition on SD card
root=/dev/mtdblock6 rootfs is on usual location on NAND
rootwait needed for booting from SD. force kernel to delay boot until sd card is ready. better than older rootdelay=
panic=20 on kernel crash, reboot automatically after 20 second delay. useful for lindi's ramconsole patch
hardware_ecc=1 use hardware ecc support for NAND, this is not default option use only if your rootfs NAND is flashed not with dfu-util, but with direct copy from sd. this speeds up NAND read on zlib-compressed ubi by 8%.
rootfstype=XX needed if your rootfs is ext2 to force kernel to use ext2 driver not ext3. use if kernel can't detect partition type
ubi.mtd=6,2048 claim 6th mtd partition as ubi layer with 2048 page align
rootflags=compr=zlib,no_chk_data_crc mount options of rootfs, use no_chk_data_crc to speed up ubifs by 8%
mem=127M reserve 1Mb if you using lindi's ramcomsole patch

How to use

By default, if you press the 'power' button, the "bootcmd" from your config is executed, so set it up accordingly for your default distribution.

To see the boot menu and select desired boot method, hold 'power', wait 1 second and then hold 'aux', wait 1 more second and release both.

Known bugs

I am working to fix these bugs now:

  • sd reads correct data only 50% of times, so sd boot
  • NAND hw ecc is not supported
  • U-Boot can't boot system if battery is fully discharged (workaround exist)

Booting without battery/with completely discharged battery

To workaround the bug that it's not possible boot with discharged/without battery, use following 'trick': insert charger cable and in same moment press 'power' button, add up 'aux' later for menu.


Some setup examples

qtmoko v31 on NAND (ubifs)

menu_3=
  Boot NAND/ubi-zlib:
  setenv bootargs ${bootargs_base} ${mtdparts} rootfstype=ubifs
      ubi.mtd=6,2048 ubi.comp root=ubi0:om-gta02-rootfs
      rootflags=compr=zlib,no_chk_data_crc;
  nand read.e 0x32000000 kernel 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000

µSD (FAT+ext2)

menu_2=
  Boot from microSD (FAT+ext2):
  setenv bootargs
    ${bootargs_base}
    root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 rootwait
    ${mtdparts} ro;
  mmcinit;
  fatload mmc MMC_NUM 0x32000000 ${sd_image_name} 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000

µSD (ext2+ext3)

menu_2=
  Boot from microSD (ext2+ext3):
  setenv bootargs
    ${bootargs_base}
    root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 rootwait
    ${mtdparts} ro;
  mmcinit;
  ext2load mmc MMC_NUM 0x32000000 ${sd_image_name} 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000
Personal tools
Bootloaders

I decided to put my version of U-Boot bootloader here, along with a short FAQ and list of known bugs. Please feel free to add your bugs or questions here.

The current version of U-Boot (U-Boot or U-boot-gena2x?) fully supports uploading and downloading via dfu, booting any known distro, is fully configurable, and has no known grave bugs.

List of changes

This version of u-boot is based on openmoko's stable branch of u-boot. Git can be viewed here.

Significant patches are:

Version 2:

  • GPS is not powered up on boot
  • Leave all serial ports setup to kernel

Version 1:

Binaries

Public freerunners should have the same bootloader (board v5 and later). Latest binary version is here:

to use u-boot as NAND bootloader, you should flash the binary to the special partition:

sudo dfu-util -a u-boot -D u-boot_g2x_2.udfu

How to setup

NAND U-Boot occupies 2 partitions on NAND, one partition for U-Boot itself and one for it's configuration.

To setup u-boot, the easiest way is to edit the simple text file on your computer and then upload it to your phone with dfu-util.

Sample text config may be found here. This version supports various kinds of boot options in the menu. You may use it as a sample for your config.

If you are switching from bootloader Qi, just boot your distro with Qi, then do cat /proc/cmdline and compare/update the parameters in your config file.

Then you can edit the config file to fit your needs, you should prepare it (this adds crc):

get envedit.pl and crc32.pl from [1] and run:

./envedit.pl -s 262144 -f environment.in > u-boot_env.in

then flash resulting file to configuration partition:

sudo dfu-util -a u-boot_env -D u-boot_env.in

Useful kernel options

option description
root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfs is second partition on SD card
root=/dev/mtdblock6 rootfs is on usual location on NAND
rootwait needed for booting from SD. force kernel to delay boot until sd card is ready. better than older rootdelay=
panic=20 on kernel crash, reboot automatically after 20 second delay. useful for lindi's ramconsole patch
hardware_ecc=1 use hardware ecc support for NAND, this is not default option use only if your rootfs NAND is flashed not with dfu-util, but with direct copy from sd. this speeds up NAND read on zlib-compressed ubi by 8%.
rootfstype=XX needed if your rootfs is ext2 to force kernel to use ext2 driver not ext3. use if kernel can't detect partition type
ubi.mtd=6,2048 claim 6th mtd partition as ubi layer with 2048 page align
rootflags=compr=zlib,no_chk_data_crc mount options of rootfs, use no_chk_data_crc to speed up ubifs by 8%
mem=127M reserve 1Mb if you using lindi's ramcomsole patch

How to use

By default, if you press the 'power' button, the "bootcmd" from your config is executed, so set it up accordingly for your default distribution.

To see the boot menu and select desired boot method, hold 'power', wait 1 second and then hold 'aux', wait 1 more second and release both.

Known bugs

I am working to fix these bugs now:

  • sd reads correct data only 50% of times, so sd boot
  • NAND hw ecc is not supported
  • u-boot can't boot system if battery is fully discharged (workaround exist)

Booting without battery/with completely discharged battery

To workaround the bug that it's not possible boot with discharged/without battery, use following 'trick': insert charger cable and in same moment press 'power' button, add up 'aux' later for menu.


Some setup examples

qtmoko v31 on NAND (ubifs)

menu_3=
  Boot NAND/ubi-zlib:
  setenv bootargs ${bootargs_base} ${mtdparts} rootfstype=ubifs
      ubi.mtd=6,2048 ubi.comp root=ubi0:om-gta02-rootfs
      rootflags=compr=zlib,no_chk_data_crc;
  nand read.e 0x32000000 kernel 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000

µSD (FAT+ext2)

menu_2=
  Boot from microSD (FAT+ext2):
  setenv bootargs
    ${bootargs_base}
    root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 rootwait
    ${mtdparts} ro;
  mmcinit;
  fatload mmc MMC_NUM 0x32000000 ${sd_image_name} 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000

µSD (ext2+ext3)

menu_2=
  Boot from microSD (ext2+ext3):
  setenv bootargs
    ${bootargs_base}
    root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 rootwait
    ${mtdparts} ro;
  mmcinit;
  ext2load mmc MMC_NUM 0x32000000 ${sd_image_name} 0x300000;
  bootm 0x32000000