Qtopia / Qt Extended on FreeRunner
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On 31 October 2008, Trolltech released the Qtopia ROM flash image containing the rootfs for the Openmoko Neo FreeRunner (gta02) containing the Qtopia 4.4.2 release (GPL version). This runs on the mwebster ROM flash image containing the kernel. At release time, 4.4.2 & current mwester's kernel mismatched, please clarify the previous sentence. Hypnotize has released Qt Extended 4.4.2 images for the Neo FreeRunner that work better.
This image can successfully make and receive calls and text messages. It can read all contacts from the SIM card (which the updated 2007.2 does not appear to be able to do). It contains apps that appear to be more stable than the ones found in the 2007.2 image. It has multiple input methods that appear to be more mature. It does not, however, have a web browser or a GPS application. There are however at least three third-party GPS applications available:
On 2nd of September 2008 Trolltech also released a 4.3.3-snapshot which fixes a number issues (sms messages not retrieved after resume; Qtopia getting confused between two calls; Make default call volume down and mic up; Added echo fix.)
You can find all the Qtopia images here (including Qtextended/Qtopia 4.4 for FreeRunner and Neo1973!)
What is in the latest release (QtExtended 4.4.2)?
Qtopia 4.4 has been released with the name of QtExtended 4.4.
- a browser based on webkit
- screen rotation in the settings application (so no automatic rotation)
- noise reduction
- GPS api
- usb net/storage switching
- Gtalk support
- better support for non-english languages in the keyboard
Option 1: Flashing Qtopia to FreeRunner
Download the image mentioned above and follow the instructions here: Flashing the Neo FreeRunner
Option 2: Dual-Booting between Qtopia and 2007.2 (Qtopia boots from MicroSD card)
- SSH shell access to 2007.2 based image of the FreeRunner through USB interface or WLAN.
- A Desktop Linux distro (to unpack the .jffs2 image, I ran Ubuntu under VMWare)
Preparing the SD card
See the Preparing the SD Card section of the Booting from SD page for partitioning and formatting instructions. After you complete the "Formatting the SD Card" steps, return here and execute the following:
mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/card mkdir /media/card/boot mkdir /media/mmcblk0p2 mount /dev/mmcblk0p2 /media/mmcblk0p2
This will set you up properly for the installation of the root filesystem and the kernel in the steps below.
Unpacking the Qtopia Root Filesystem Image
Download the Qtopia FLASH image from Latest Images#Qtopia images to your Linux box and extract its contents:
tar xzf qtopia-4.3.2-gta02-flash-*.tgz
You should now have two files:
Now, mount the root file system from the jffs2 using the commands found here. However, in the mount command, substitute the image filename for "/dev/mtdblock0".
Creating a compressed tarball
Next, tar up the root filesystem:
- tar czf qtopia-4.3.2-gta02-rootfs-07172049.tar.gz -C <mountpoint> .
Where <mountpoint> is the location where the jff2 filesystem was mounted. Note the space and the period after the mountpoint.
Installing Root Filesystem
Transfer this compressed tarball to the second partition of the MicroSD that is mounted on the FreeRunner:
scp qtopia-4.3.2-gta02-rootfs-07172049.tar.gz email@example.com:/media/mmcblk0p2/
Log in to your FreeRunner and unpack the root filesystem:
cd /media/mmcblk0p2 tar xzf qtopia-4.3.2-gta02-rootfs-07172049.tar.gz rm qtopia-4.3.2-gta02-rootfs-07172049.tar.gz rm -f /media/mmcblk0p2/boot/*
Note: the last step removes the kernel image from the second partition. For some reason, U-Boot cannot find the uImage.bin file in the first partition if a kernel image exists in the second partition boot/ directory.
From your Linux box, rename uImage-2.6.24+git18+9c058ff0d2641df3c36fc3300acb72078d2c41d4-r0-om-gta02.bin to uImage.bin and copy it to the boot directory on the first partition of the MicroSD card. Depending on the version of U-Boot you have installed, this may not work. To prevent any possible issues, copy it to the /media/card directory as well. There is plenty of room on the first partition to have uImage.bin in both locations.
mv uImage-2.6.24+git18+9c058ff0d2641df3c36fc3300acb72078d2c41d4-r0-om-gta02.bin uImage.bin scp uImage.bin firstname.lastname@example.org:/media/card/boot/ scp uImage.bin email@example.com:/media/card/
Pointing Qtopia to the SD Card
Lorn Potter on the mailing lists pointed this out:
Qtopia was designed to be run from the root partition on a flash chip, not from a removable sd card.
You would have to edit the etc/default/Trolltech/Storage.conf file to make it forget about the sd /dev node, to be able to run it this way
Another user's solution to this is the following:
Edit this file: /opt/Qtopia/etc/default/Trolltech/Storage.conf And change the [MountPoint0] section so it resembles this:
[MountPoint0] Name = SD Card Path=/dev/mmcblk0p1 Removable = 0 Applications = 0 Documents = 0 ContentDatabase = 0
Option 3: updating from source
|NOTE: This will upgrade only opt/Qtopia directory, you should use opkg update/upgrade for the rest|
Original Qtopia images (the distribution released by Trolltech, not ASU) are rarely released as a rootfs image, but the source code is often updated. If you want to reflash your OM with the latest version of Qtopia you might build it from sources. This has been explained in this thread of the community mailing list. Summing up:
- get the latest toolchain released by trolltech: http://www.qtopia.net/modules/mydownloads/singlefile.php?lid=38 and unzip it on your PC (as root)
cd / wget http://qtopia.net/downloads/neo/arm920t-eabi-ficgta01-toolchain.tgz tar xvzf arm920t-eabi-ficgta01-toolchain.tgz
- get the latest snapshot from trolltech: ftp://ftp.trolltech.com/qtopia/snapshots/
Since qtopia was renamed in qtextended you could find the snapshots on http://qtextended.org/downloads/snapshots/
- once dowloaded untar it
tar xvzf qtopia-opensource-src-4.3.2-snapshot-20080806.tar.gz
- make a "build" dir
mkdir build cd build
- configure and make:
../qtopia-opensource-src-4.3.2-snapshot-20080806/configure -device ficgta01 make
This will take some time (couple hours). Note that the option "-device ficgta01" should work for both neo and freerunner. Then:
will make a root directory into the build directory. There you can find an image that directory should be copied to /opt/Qtopia of your phone with scp. once done restart qpe or whole phone.
For compiling qt-extended 4.4.2, you may need to use the following commands:
* cd build * $QTOPIA_DEPOT_PATH/configure -device neo -verbose -build-qt -force-build-qt * bin/qbuild image
This forces building qt as well which resolved problems with the qbuild test using all the system ram.
Booting into Qtopia
Now shutdown the FreeRunner
shutdown -h now
Log into U-Boot in the NAND Flash to boot from the MicroSD card: (instructions from Booting the Neo FreeRunner)
- Press and hold Power button
- Then while still pressing the Power button, press and hold AUX button for 5 to 8 seconds.
- A boot menu will appear.
- Press the AUX button to select "Boot from MicroSD" and then press the Power button to execute.
Qtopia should now boot.
Note: you may get a kernel panic which says that "optional features not supported". If this is the case, boot back into 2007.2 and run
umount /dev/mmcblk0p2 fsck.ext3.e2fsprogs /dev/mmcblk0p2
This will clean up the file system and clear recovery flags in ext3 that ext2 does not support, then try booting from the MicroSD again.
Qtopia comes with support for German and American English, and users from other countries will find that Qtopia's predictive keyboard makes writing in another language near impossible. One way to disable the predictive keyboard is to simply replace /opt/Qtopia/etc/dict/en_US/common.dawg and words.dawg with empty files (after backing them up). Qtopia normally looks in these files for words to suggest, and if it doesn't find any words that fit, it simply shows what you actually wrote.
Adding characters to the keyboard requires modifications to the source code, as described here.
It seems that suspend/resume only works when the FreeRunner has been connected to a powersource (only a few seconds if sufficient). If you boot from battery, it will never suspend until you have plugged it in at least for a couple of seconds.
Bug reports should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org or by web form at http://trolltech.com/bugreport-form.
Bugs in 4.4.1
- Boot and Shutdown Splash will not work because splash-write was not compiled into Busybox
- Timezone & time on latest Qt 4.4.1
- The first item in a list is missing the top half