OpenmokoFramework

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Key pages on:
FSO

(Other distributions)


FSO is one of the many distributions that currently work on the Openmoko phones. You can compare a distribution with an Operating System on normal computers. It gives the phone all the software needed for operating. For more information about the different flavors, see distributions.

FSO is an abbreviation for FreeSmartphone.Org. With FSO, Openmoko is working on a stable system services software back-end. The framework will be used in forthcoming Openmoko distributions -- a demonstration one is available as FSO-image. For more information see http://www.freesmartphone.org and http://trac.freesmartphone.org .

Contents

Q/A

Timeline

Purposes

  • Give people the infrastructure to create solid and exciting software products based on the Openmoko platform
  • Support competing UIs while collaborating on developing services
  • Encourage framework users (e.g. application developers) to also contribute to the framework

Requirements

  • Make it simple
  • Concentrate on core services
  • Be programming language agnostic
  • Be UI toolkit agnostic
  • Try to reuse existing technologies as much as possible, but not at the cost of a bad API

How to achieve that technically

  • Choose D-Bus as the collaboration line. Below dbus, we can work together. Above dbus, we can differentiate
  • Expose features through dbus APIs implemented by UI-agnostic and language-agnostic services (daemons)
  • Optimize for Openmoko devices, but support multiple architectures and purposes through plugin interfaces and suitable hardware abstraction mechanisms
  • By not being afraid of reinventing the wheel for a wheelbarrow if all the existing wheels are made for sports cars

Mandatory Reading

What this is NOT about

This initiative does not cover low level services such as

  • Bootloader, Kernel, or System Init.

This initiative does not cover high level services such as

  • X-Window-System, Window Manager, UI Toolkits,
  • Application Launchers, Applications, or Fancy UIs.

Architectural Overview

frontside

Software Components

We differentiate between low-level and high-level services -- dbus will be used to communicate horizontally and vertically.

Low-Level Services

Device Control

The low level device control service manages peripheral control, i.e. controlling power for individual subsystems such as

  • GSM, WiFi, Bluetooth, GPS, as well as
  • Backlight brightness and power,
  • Turning LEDs on and off, etc.

It also deals with

  • Charging, suspend/resume,
  • Accelerometers, and buttons.

Last but not least, it sends notifications about the user's activity so that listeners have a chance to

  • Change to powersaving modes, or
  • Lock the device.

We implement the following software for that:

Audio

The low level audio service relies on a working ALSA device driver with the dmix software mixing plugin (*). On top of that, there is the GStreamer streaming media framework:

Gstreamer is to be used for all kinds of event sounds where a) multiple audio formats need to be supported and b) a latency of about one second is acceptable. This goes for e.g. ring tones, welcome tones, plug indication.

  • ) Initially, we wanted to use PulseAudio on top of ALSA, however currently it has serious performance problems on this hardware. [1]
GSM

The low level GSM services expect a modem complying to GSM 07.07, GSM 07.05, and assorted GSM specifications, talking an AT-protocol over a serial line. If GSM 07.10 is supported, we use the multiplexing daemon to export virtual serial lines over which -- again -- AT-protocol can be spoken:

Bluetooth

The low level Bluetooth services rely on the official Linux Bluetooth subsystem:

GPS

The low level GPS services assume a GPS device that talks NMEA over a device node. We implemented an ogpsd daemon speaking an extended Gypsy API:

Network

The low level networking service assumes network interfaces, such as USB, Ethernet, Wifi, etc. We rely on the following software here:

  • Intel Connection Manager
  • PPP

High Level

Usage

The Usage subsystem is concerned with coordinating application I/O requirements. Applications are not supposed to turn on or off devices, since they do not have any knowledge about concurrent applications that may be also using the device -- think reference counting for I/O requirements.

With this added layer, we could later think about monitoring subsystems, subsystem usage statistics, or accounting.

See discussion page about PolicyKit.

Events
  • Signalling events via I/O (ringing, blinking, vibrating)
  • Might use fd.o notification API
PIM

An intelligent storage database server. This is being carried out as a Google Summer of Code project. See complete description here.

Context
  • Intelligent context API, integrating location as one -- among other -- sources
  • Geoclue?
Phone

The phone subsystem can be used to create and manage voices communications. It makes abstraction of the protocol used.

Preferences

  • Settings database
Network
  • High-level networking queries

Known API Consumers

(TODO: add links...)

Tools

  • mdbus -- a dbus introspection and interaction utility,
  • cli-framework -- a python dbus command line interface.
  • mickeyterm -- a MUXer-aware minimal terminal emulator.

How to debug

  1. log in via ssh
  2. killall python
  3. edit /etc/frameworkd.conf and add to the frameworkd section:
    1. log_level = DEBUG
    2. log_to = file
    3. log_destination = /somewhere/where/you/have/space (preferably SD or NFS, etc.)
  4. Read our documented frameworkd.conf configuration file to learn about the other options.
  5. relaunch frameworkd (/etc/init.d/frameworkd stop; /etc/init.d/frameworkd start)
  6. log in via ssh (yes, again)
  7. export DISPLAY=:0.0
  8. run your favourite client (zhone, cli-framework, ...)

Attach the logs to the tickets, please.

The role of Python

Where we write new code, we will use Python to implement the dbus services. The reason for that being the rapid prototyping nature of Python and the emphasis on the D-Bus APIs. Using Python, the turnaround times to experiment with APIs are incredibly faster than for using a compiled language such as C or C++.

Once the APIs have been used by application programmers, we can start profiling and possibly reimplement some of the services with daemons written in Vala, if necessary. We might as well succeed in improving performance by using Pyrex/Cython/Ctypes to keep the benefits of Python.

Team & Roadmap

Team

Roadmap

The milestone releases are combined Openmoko Framework and Zhone releases. Remember: A feature that isn't visible, working, and tested in our framework testing application (Zhone) does not exist. Until Framework 1.0.0 (early 2009), we will not use any versioning in components. Afterwards, individual components may see individual releases.

Note: The milestones and tasks moved over to our issue tracker.

Download and see also

Personal tools
Key pages on:
FSO

(Other distributions)


FSO is one of the many distributions that currently work on the Openmoko phones. You can compare a distribution with an Operating System on normal computers. It gives the phone all the software needed for operating. For more information about the different flavors, see distributions.

FSO is an abbreviation for FreeSmartphone.Org. With FSO, Openmoko is working on a stable system services software back-end. The framework will be used in forthcoming Openmoko distributions -- a demonstration one is available as FSO-image. For more information see http://www.freesmartphone.org and http://trac.freesmartphone.org .

Q/A

Timeline

Purposes

  • Give people the infrastructure to create solid and exciting software products based on the Openmoko platform
  • Support competing UIs while collaborating on developing services
  • Encourage framework users (e.g. application developers) to also contribute to the framework

Requirements

  • Make it simple
  • Concentrate on core services
  • Be programming language agnostic
  • Be UI toolkit agnostic
  • Try to reuse existing technologies as much as possible, but not at the cost of a bad API

How to achieve that technically

  • Choose D-Bus as the collaboration line. Below dbus, we can work together. Above dbus, we can differentiate
  • Expose features through dbus APIs implemented by UI-agnostic and language-agnostic services (daemons)
  • Optimize for Openmoko devices, but support multiple architectures and purposes through plugin interfaces and suitable hardware abstraction mechanisms
  • By not being afraid of reinventing the wheel for a wheelbarrow if all the existing wheels are made for sports cars

Mandatory Reading

What this is NOT about

This initiative does not cover low level services such as

  • Bootloader, Kernel, or System Init.

This initiative does not cover high level services such as

  • X-Window-System, Window Manager, UI Toolkits,
  • Application Launchers, Applications, or Fancy UIs.

Architectural Overview

frontside

Software Components

We differentiate between low-level and high-level services -- dbus will be used to communicate horizontally and vertically.

Low-Level Services

Device Control

The low level device control service manages peripheral control, i.e. controlling power for individual subsystems such as

  • GSM, WiFi, Bluetooth, GPS, as well as
  • Backlight brightness and power,
  • Turning LEDs on and off, etc.

It also deals with

  • Charging, suspend/resume,
  • Accelerometers, and buttons.

Last but not least, it sends notifications about the user's activity so that listeners have a chance to

  • Change to powersaving modes, or
  • Lock the device.

We implement the following software for that:

Audio

The low level audio service relies on a working ALSA device driver with the dmix software mixing plugin (*). On top of that, there is the GStreamer streaming media framework:

Gstreamer is to be used for all kinds of event sounds where a) multiple audio formats need to be supported and b) a latency of about one second is acceptable. This goes for e.g. ring tones, welcome tones, plug indication.

  • ) Initially, we wanted to use PulseAudio on top of ALSA, however currently it has serious performance problems on this hardware. [1]
GSM

The low level GSM services expect a modem complying to GSM 07.07, GSM 07.05, and assorted GSM specifications, talking an AT-protocol over a serial line. If GSM 07.10 is supported, we use the multiplexing daemon to export virtual serial lines over which -- again -- AT-protocol can be spoken:

Bluetooth

The low level Bluetooth services rely on the official Linux Bluetooth subsystem:

GPS

The low level GPS services assume a GPS device that talks NMEA over a device node. We implemented an ogpsd daemon speaking an extended Gypsy API:

Network

The low level networking service assumes network interfaces, such as USB, Ethernet, Wifi, etc. We rely on the following software here:

  • Intel Connection Manager
  • PPP

High Level

Usage

The Usage subsystem is concerned with coordinating application I/O requirements. Applications are not supposed to turn on or off devices, since they do not have any knowledge about concurrent applications that may be also using the device -- think reference counting for I/O requirements.

With this added layer, we could later think about monitoring subsystems, subsystem usage statistics, or accounting.

See discussion page about PolicyKit.

Events
  • Signalling events via I/O (ringing, blinking, vibrating)
  • Might use fd.o notification API
PIM

An intelligent storage database server. This is being carried out as a Google Summer of Code project. See complete description here.

Context
  • Intelligent context API, integrating location as one -- among other -- sources
  • Geoclue?
Phone

The phone subsystem can be used to create and manage voices communications. It makes abstraction of the protocol used.

Preferences

  • Settings database
Network
  • High-level networking queries

Known API Consumers

(TODO: add links...)

Tools

  • mdbus -- a dbus introspection and interaction utility,
  • cli-framework -- a python dbus command line interface.
  • mickeyterm -- a MUXer-aware minimal terminal emulator.

How to debug

  1. log in via ssh
  2. killall python
  3. edit /etc/frameworkd.conf and add to the frameworkd section:
    1. log_level = DEBUG
    2. log_to = file
    3. log_destination = /somewhere/where/you/have/space (preferably SD or NFS, etc.)
  4. Read our documented frameworkd.conf configuration file to learn about the other options.
  5. relaunch frameworkd (/etc/init.d/frameworkd stop; /etc/init.d/frameworkd start)
  6. log in via ssh (yes, again)
  7. export DISPLAY=:0.0
  8. run your favourite client (zhone, cli-framework, ...)

Attach the logs to the tickets, please.

The role of Python

Where we write new code, we will use Python to implement the dbus services. The reason for that being the rapid prototyping nature of Python and the emphasis on the D-Bus APIs. Using Python, the turnaround times to experiment with APIs are incredibly faster than for using a compiled language such as C or C++.

Once the APIs have been used by application programmers, we can start profiling and possibly reimplement some of the services with daemons written in Vala, if necessary. We might as well succeed in improving performance by using Pyrex/Cython/Ctypes to keep the benefits of Python.

Team & Roadmap

Team

Roadmap

The milestone releases are combined Openmoko Framework and Zhone releases. Remember: A feature that isn't visible, working, and tested in our framework testing application (Zhone) does not exist. Until Framework 1.0.0 (early 2009), we will not use any versioning in components. Afterwards, individual components may see individual releases.

Note: The milestones and tasks moved over to our issue tracker.

Download and see also