OpenMoko2007.2

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m (Q: What are differences between 2007.1 and 2007.2?)
Line 71: Line 71:
  
 
Run ''bitbake <package name>'' (e.g. openmoko-devel-image).
 
Run ''bitbake <package name>'' (e.g. openmoko-devel-image).
 +
 +
=== How to enable autorev ===
 +
 +
First apply the following patch to bitbake.
 +
 +
http://lists.linuxtogo.org/pipermail/openembedded-devel/2007-September/003035.html
 +
 +
Add the following line to your local.conf
 +
 +
  require conf/distro/include/moko-autorev.inc
 +
 +
Then run bitbake as normal. OpenMoko will now build with latest SVN checkouts.
  
 
=== Build issues ===
 
=== Build issues ===

Revision as of 11:34, 4 October 2007

OM 2007.2 is the second version of the OpenMoko distribution. Development began on 2007-07-26.

Goals of the new version are an improved set of PIM applications, improved theming that fixes a lot of the usability problems of the 1st generation design, more formalized UI guidelines and a number of changes in the build system. The latter should introduce more recent software by staying closer in sync with upstream org.openembedded.dev.

An official announcement was made by Sean Moss-Pultz on August 20:

(Initially this was named OM-2008 in SVN but renamed shortly after that.)

Contents

FAQ

Q: What are differences between 2007.1 and 2007.2?

  • UI redesigned for small and recessed screen
  • Simplified visuals for performance
  • Simplified UI
  • More interactions including finger scrolling
  • openmoko-today rewritten; works as application launcher and task manager as well
  • neod takes care of basic powermanagement, supports AUX and POWER buttons for navigation / additional functionality
  • Updated upstream packages

Q: Where to get snapshot images?

Q: Where are official releases?

No official releases yet, just official snapshots. The first release is targetted for October, 2007.

Q: My mrxvt (terminal) fonts are huge.

Edit src/feature.h to set MIN_XFT_FONT_SIZE to lower value:

#define MIN_XFT_FONT_SIZE           (2)

and rebuild mrxvt & openmoko-devel-image.

End edit /etc/mrxvt/mrxvt.conf

Mrxvt.xftSize: 4
Mrxvt.xftHint: 1

Building 2007.2

How to build

The MokoMakefile is now able to build OM-2007.2 images. If you use this new version of the MokoMakefile, you can ignore everything below and just continue building OM-2007.2 in the same way that you previously built images (i.e. according to http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/MokoMakefile). Make sure you set the generation correctly at the top of the file.

Follow the getting started steps of OpenEmbedded. It is suggested to use Bitbake 1.8.8 at least.

Put the following in your local.conf

BBFILES = "${HOME}/oe/org.openembedded.dev/packages/*/*.bb"

MACHINE = "fic-gta01"
DISTRO = "openmoko"

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "1"
GLIBC_GENERATE_LOCALES = "en_GB.UTF-8"

For multi-core machines, the following additions can be used for a speed-up (numbers should be tweaked based on the actual number of cores):

PARALLEL_MAKE = "-j 4"
BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "4"

To free disk space after builds, add:

INHERIT += "rm_work"

Replace "${HOME}/oe" with the path to where your "org.openembeded.dev" folder lives. For the other entries have a look at conf/local.conf.sample about their meaning.

Run bitbake <package name> (e.g. openmoko-devel-image).

How to enable autorev

First apply the following patch to bitbake.

http://lists.linuxtogo.org/pipermail/openembedded-devel/2007-September/003035.html

Add the following line to your local.conf

 require conf/distro/include/moko-autorev.inc

Then run bitbake as normal. OpenMoko will now build with latest SVN checkouts.

Build issues

Wrong certificate

You may get something like this while the bitbake recipes are parsed:

Error validating server certificate for 'https://libw100.svn.sf.net:443':
 - The certificate hostname does not match.
 Certificate information:
  - Hostname: *.svn.sourceforge.net
  - Valid: from Fri, 27 Oct 2006 12:05:58 GMT until Sun, 28 Oct 2007 13:05:58 GMT
  - Issuer: Equifax Secure Certificate Authority, Equifax, US
  - Fingerprint: f2:6c:fe:bb:82:92:30:09:72:dd:1c:b3:e7:56:69:c7:7a:df:67:3e

That is an issue in a bitbake file. One should not use the short-name for sourceforge (sf.net) when certificates are only for exact host names. Accept the certificate and everything is fine for now.

openmoko-libs FTBFS

Some applications have not been fully modified to build with the new libraries of OpenMoko and still need the old-style openmoko-libs package. libmokogsm which is needed for openmoko-libs then fails to build. As a workaround you can remove the not yet ported applications that need openmoko-libs making it unneccessary itself. To do this edit packages/tasks/openmoko-taks.bb and find the following lines:

.
.
.
 openmoko-terminal \
 matchbox-panel-2 \
 matchbox-panel-2-applets \
 matchbox-applet-inputmanager \
#  openmoko-appmanager \
 matchbox-keyboard \
 matchbox-stroke \
 openmoko-keyboard \
.
.
.

Now put a hash (#) before openmoko-terminal and openmoko-keyboard. You can verify that openmoko-libs is not needed any more by issuing bitbake -g openmoko-devel-image (= creates a dependency graph). There should be no mentioning of openmoko-libs in the file task-depends.dot. Please note that the graphicall terminal and the virtual keyboard will be missing now. You can still have terminal access by following the USB Networking guide. For keyboard input in Qemu add the -usbdevice keyboard switch.


gtk+ fails building w/ gtkcombobox.c

If you get these errors:

gtkcombobox.c: In function 'gtk_combo_box_size_request':
gtkcombobox.c:1859: warning: unused variable 'font_desc'
gtkcombobox.c:1858: warning: unused variable 'metrics'
gtkcombobox.c:1857: warning: unused variable 'context'
gtkcombobox.c:1855: warning: unused variable 'arrow_size'
gtkcombobox.c:1854: warning: unused variable 'font_size'
gtkcombobox.c: In function 'gtk_combo_box_size_allocate':
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: 'arrow_size' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: for each function it appears in.)
gtkcombobox.c:1965: error: 'font_desc' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1966: error: 'context' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1967: error: 'metrics' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1969: error: 'font_size' undeclared (first use in this function) 

Go to your /build/tmp/work/fic-gta01-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/gtk+-2.10.14-r3/gtk+-2.10.14/gtk directory, and patch gtkcombobox.c with the following:

Thanks to rmoravcik in #openmoko (patch was taken from http://pastebin.ca/654717 )

--- gtkcombobox.c       2007-08-12 20:30:07.000000000 +0200
+++ gtkcombobox.c       2007-08-12 20:29:58.000000000 +0200
@@ -1948,6 +1948,12 @@
 gtk_combo_box_size_allocate (GtkWidget     *widget,
                             GtkAllocation *allocation)
 {
+  gint font_size;
+  gint arrow_size;
+  PangoContext *context;
+  PangoFontMetrics *metrics;
+  PangoFontDescription *font_desc;
+
   GtkComboBox *combo_box = GTK_COMBO_BOX (widget);
   gint focus_width, focus_pad;
   GtkAllocation child;


Building glibc fails with a segfault in QEMU

If your build aborts and you see something like this:

NOTE: package glibc-2.5: started
NOTE: package glibc-2.5-r6: task do_package: started
NOTE: preparing tree for binary locale generation
NOTE: generating locale en_US (UTF-8)
qemu: uncaught target signal 11 (Segmentation fault) - exiting

...

NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 271 tasks of which 0 didn't need to be rerun and 1 failed.
ERROR: '/home/moko/oe/org.openembedded.dev/packages/glibc/glibc_2.5.bb' failed

Try editing your local.conf file. Change:

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "1"

to

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "0"

and restart the build. This may have some effect on internationalization (you will see a warning indicating that), but at least the build will continue. Thanks to rwhitby for the tip.

Alternatively, as suggested by XorA in #openmoko, if you are running a 64-bit host distribution, try forcing a different QEMU rev, also in local.conf:

PREFERRED_VERSION_qemu-native = "0.9.0+cvs20070701"
SRCDATE_qemu-native = 20070701


libxml2-native fails with xmlCatalogPtr errors

Go to your build/tmp/work/i686-linux/libxml2-native-2.6.29-r1/libxml2-2.6.29/include/libxml/ directory and patch xmlversion.h with the following:

--- xmlversion.h        2007-08-17 10:45:42.000000000 +0100
+++ xmlversion.h        2007-08-17 10:51:36.000000000 +0100
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@
  *
  * Whether the Catalog support is configured in
  */
-#if 0
+#if 1
 #define LIBXML_CATALOG_ENABLED
 #endif

On my system the libxml2-native-2.6.29-r1 directory is in a directory named i686-linux, yours may be different. I believe this patch to be a workaround to make libxml2-native build. I am not yet sure what the consequences of enabling XML catalogue support are.



Pre-built snapshot images


Updating your image

Now that you have a functional 2007.2 image on your Neo, you will want to keep it updated. Fortunately, ipkg is already set up to pull updated packages from the openmoko buildhost.

On the phone, in the terminal (or via ssh), if you have a live internet connection and DNS resolution set up in /etc/resolv.conf:

ipkg update && ipkg upgrade

will bring your installed packages up to the most recent versions. Also have a look at alternative/additional ipkg sources at repositories.

If you are also building your own images and packages, you can also run a simple httpd on your build host and serve your own ipkg files to the Neo.

On the build host, for example:

thttpd -d <path_to_moko/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk> -p 8080

will serve your packages on port 8080.

Then, on the neo, make a new file at /etc/ipkg/local-feed.conf with these contents:

src/gz local-all http://192.168.0.200:8080/all
src/gz local-armv4t http://192.168.0.200:8080/armv4t
src/gz local-fic-gta01 http://192.168.0.200:8080/fic-gta01

and ipkg on the Neo (update-upgrade) will pick up files from your local build host's repository (assuming its IP address is 192.168.0.200, as is default in the USB Networking setup) in addition to the openmoko buildhost.

Or better yet, change the 192.168.0.200:8080 addresses above to the eth0 IP address of your build machine (instead of the usb0 IP address), and then you can access your local repository with your Neo plugged into any machine on your local net, or even via bluetooth.

Also if you are building your own packages or packages from the OE database that aren't part of OpenMoko by default, you can install those packages as follows.

On the build host:

bitbake <name_of_package>
bitbake -crebuild package-index

Then on the Neo:

ipkg update
ipkg install <name_of_package>

The new package might not show up in the program menu until you reboot or restart X.

Personal tools

OM 2007.2 is the second version of the OpenMoko distribution. Development began on 2007-07-26.

Goals of the new version are an improved set of PIM applications, improved theming that fixes a lot of the usability problems of the 1st generation design, more formalized UI guidelines and a number of changes in the build system. The latter should introduce more recent software by staying closer in sync with upstream org.openembedded.dev.

An official announcement was made by Sean Moss-Pultz on August 20:

(Initially this was named OM-2008 in SVN but renamed shortly after that.)

FAQ

Q: What are differences between 2007.1 and 2007.2?

  • UI redesigned for small and recessed screen
  • Simplified visuals for performance
  • Simplified UI
  • More interactions including finger scrolling
  • openmoko-today rewritten; works as application launcher and task manager as well
  • neod takes care of basic powermanagement, supports AUX and POWER buttons for navigation / additional functionality
  • Updated upstream packages

Q: Where to get snapshot images?

Q: Where are official releases?

No official releases yet, just official snapshots. The first release is targetted for October, 2007.

Q: My mrxvt (terminal) fonts are huge.

Edit src/feature.h to set MIN_XFT_FONT_SIZE to lower value:

#define MIN_XFT_FONT_SIZE           (2)

and rebuild mrxvt & openmoko-devel-image.

End edit /etc/mrxvt/mrxvt.conf

Mrxvt.xftSize: 4
Mrxvt.xftHint: 1

Building 2007.2

How to build

The MokoMakefile is now able to build OM-2007.2 images. If you use this new version of the MokoMakefile, you can ignore everything below and just continue building OM-2007.2 in the same way that you previously built images (i.e. according to http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/MokoMakefile). Make sure you set the generation correctly at the top of the file.

Follow the getting started steps of OpenEmbedded. It is suggested to use Bitbake 1.8.8 at least.

Put the following in your local.conf

BBFILES = "${HOME}/oe/org.openembedded.dev/packages/*/*.bb"

MACHINE = "fic-gta01"
DISTRO = "openmoko"

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "1"
GLIBC_GENERATE_LOCALES = "en_GB.UTF-8"

For multi-core machines, the following additions can be used for a speed-up (numbers should be tweaked based on the actual number of cores):

PARALLEL_MAKE = "-j 4"
BB_NUMBER_THREADS = "4"

To free disk space after builds, add:

INHERIT += "rm_work"

Replace "${HOME}/oe" with the path to where your "org.openembeded.dev" folder lives. For the other entries have a look at conf/local.conf.sample about their meaning.

Run bitbake <package name> (e.g. openmoko-devel-image).

How to enable autorev

First apply the following patch to bitbake.

http://lists.linuxtogo.org/pipermail/openembedded-devel/2007-September/003035.html

Add the following line to your local.conf

 require conf/distro/include/moko-autorev.inc

Then run bitbake as normal. OpenMoko will now build with latest SVN checkouts.

Build issues

Wrong certificate

You may get something like this while the bitbake recipes are parsed:

Error validating server certificate for 'https://libw100.svn.sf.net:443':
 - The certificate hostname does not match.
 Certificate information:
  - Hostname: *.svn.sourceforge.net
  - Valid: from Fri, 27 Oct 2006 12:05:58 GMT until Sun, 28 Oct 2007 13:05:58 GMT
  - Issuer: Equifax Secure Certificate Authority, Equifax, US
  - Fingerprint: f2:6c:fe:bb:82:92:30:09:72:dd:1c:b3:e7:56:69:c7:7a:df:67:3e

That is an issue in a bitbake file. One should not use the short-name for sourceforge (sf.net) when certificates are only for exact host names. Accept the certificate and everything is fine for now.

openmoko-libs FTBFS

Some applications have not been fully modified to build with the new libraries of OpenMoko and still need the old-style openmoko-libs package. libmokogsm which is needed for openmoko-libs then fails to build. As a workaround you can remove the not yet ported applications that need openmoko-libs making it unneccessary itself. To do this edit packages/tasks/openmoko-taks.bb and find the following lines:

.
.
.
 openmoko-terminal \
 matchbox-panel-2 \
 matchbox-panel-2-applets \
 matchbox-applet-inputmanager \
#  openmoko-appmanager \
 matchbox-keyboard \
 matchbox-stroke \
 openmoko-keyboard \
.
.
.

Now put a hash (#) before openmoko-terminal and openmoko-keyboard. You can verify that openmoko-libs is not needed any more by issuing bitbake -g openmoko-devel-image (= creates a dependency graph). There should be no mentioning of openmoko-libs in the file task-depends.dot. Please note that the graphicall terminal and the virtual keyboard will be missing now. You can still have terminal access by following the USB Networking guide. For keyboard input in Qemu add the -usbdevice keyboard switch.


gtk+ fails building w/ gtkcombobox.c

If you get these errors:

gtkcombobox.c: In function 'gtk_combo_box_size_request':
gtkcombobox.c:1859: warning: unused variable 'font_desc'
gtkcombobox.c:1858: warning: unused variable 'metrics'
gtkcombobox.c:1857: warning: unused variable 'context'
gtkcombobox.c:1855: warning: unused variable 'arrow_size'
gtkcombobox.c:1854: warning: unused variable 'font_size'
gtkcombobox.c: In function 'gtk_combo_box_size_allocate':
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: 'arrow_size' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
gtkcombobox.c:1962: error: for each function it appears in.)
gtkcombobox.c:1965: error: 'font_desc' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1966: error: 'context' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1967: error: 'metrics' undeclared (first use in this function)
gtkcombobox.c:1969: error: 'font_size' undeclared (first use in this function) 

Go to your /build/tmp/work/fic-gta01-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/gtk+-2.10.14-r3/gtk+-2.10.14/gtk directory, and patch gtkcombobox.c with the following:

Thanks to rmoravcik in #openmoko (patch was taken from http://pastebin.ca/654717 )

--- gtkcombobox.c       2007-08-12 20:30:07.000000000 +0200
+++ gtkcombobox.c       2007-08-12 20:29:58.000000000 +0200
@@ -1948,6 +1948,12 @@
 gtk_combo_box_size_allocate (GtkWidget     *widget,
                             GtkAllocation *allocation)
 {
+  gint font_size;
+  gint arrow_size;
+  PangoContext *context;
+  PangoFontMetrics *metrics;
+  PangoFontDescription *font_desc;
+
   GtkComboBox *combo_box = GTK_COMBO_BOX (widget);
   gint focus_width, focus_pad;
   GtkAllocation child;


Building glibc fails with a segfault in QEMU

If your build aborts and you see something like this:

NOTE: package glibc-2.5: started
NOTE: package glibc-2.5-r6: task do_package: started
NOTE: preparing tree for binary locale generation
NOTE: generating locale en_US (UTF-8)
qemu: uncaught target signal 11 (Segmentation fault) - exiting

...

NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 271 tasks of which 0 didn't need to be rerun and 1 failed.
ERROR: '/home/moko/oe/org.openembedded.dev/packages/glibc/glibc_2.5.bb' failed

Try editing your local.conf file. Change:

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "1"

to

ENABLE_BINARY_LOCALE_GENERATION = "0"

and restart the build. This may have some effect on internationalization (you will see a warning indicating that), but at least the build will continue. Thanks to rwhitby for the tip.

Alternatively, as suggested by XorA in #openmoko, if you are running a 64-bit host distribution, try forcing a different QEMU rev, also in local.conf:

PREFERRED_VERSION_qemu-native = "0.9.0+cvs20070701"
SRCDATE_qemu-native = 20070701


libxml2-native fails with xmlCatalogPtr errors

Go to your build/tmp/work/i686-linux/libxml2-native-2.6.29-r1/libxml2-2.6.29/include/libxml/ directory and patch xmlversion.h with the following:

--- xmlversion.h        2007-08-17 10:45:42.000000000 +0100
+++ xmlversion.h        2007-08-17 10:51:36.000000000 +0100
@@ -219,7 +219,7 @@
  *
  * Whether the Catalog support is configured in
  */
-#if 0
+#if 1
 #define LIBXML_CATALOG_ENABLED
 #endif

On my system the libxml2-native-2.6.29-r1 directory is in a directory named i686-linux, yours may be different. I believe this patch to be a workaround to make libxml2-native build. I am not yet sure what the consequences of enabling XML catalogue support are.



Pre-built snapshot images


Updating your image

Now that you have a functional 2007.2 image on your Neo, you will want to keep it updated. Fortunately, ipkg is already set up to pull updated packages from the openmoko buildhost.

On the phone, in the terminal (or via ssh), if you have a live internet connection and DNS resolution set up in /etc/resolv.conf:

ipkg update && ipkg upgrade

will bring your installed packages up to the most recent versions. Also have a look at alternative/additional ipkg sources at repositories.

If you are also building your own images and packages, you can also run a simple httpd on your build host and serve your own ipkg files to the Neo.

On the build host, for example:

thttpd -d <path_to_moko/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk> -p 8080

will serve your packages on port 8080.

Then, on the neo, make a new file at /etc/ipkg/local-feed.conf with these contents:

src/gz local-all http://192.168.0.200:8080/all
src/gz local-armv4t http://192.168.0.200:8080/armv4t
src/gz local-fic-gta01 http://192.168.0.200:8080/fic-gta01

and ipkg on the Neo (update-upgrade) will pick up files from your local build host's repository (assuming its IP address is 192.168.0.200, as is default in the USB Networking setup) in addition to the openmoko buildhost.

Or better yet, change the 192.168.0.200:8080 addresses above to the eth0 IP address of your build machine (instead of the usb0 IP address), and then you can access your local repository with your Neo plugged into any machine on your local net, or even via bluetooth.

Also if you are building your own packages or packages from the OE database that aren't part of OpenMoko by default, you can install those packages as follows.

On the build host:

bitbake <name_of_package>
bitbake -crebuild package-index

Then on the Neo:

ipkg update
ipkg install <name_of_package>

The new package might not show up in the program menu until you reboot or restart X.