Neo FreeRunner GTA02 Hardware/kr

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m (Robot: Changing Category:GTA02 Hardware/kr)
m (Replacing 'OpenMoko' with 'Openmoko')
 
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*GPRS Radio –GSM/GPRS radio.  A Pre-PTCRB certified module will be preferred  
 
*GPRS Radio –GSM/GPRS radio.  A Pre-PTCRB certified module will be preferred  
  
*Linux – Linux kernel 2.6.24 or later OpenMoko kernel  
+
*Linux – Linux kernel 2.6.24 or later Openmoko kernel  
  
 
*USB -  Client and Host mode switch-able (to be used for software downloading), provide host 5v power  
 
*USB -  Client and Host mode switch-able (to be used for software downloading), provide host 5v power  
Line 363: Line 363:
 
* Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d- and ground
 
* Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d- and ground
 
* Connect 0V, +5 to your >1A power source
 
* Connect 0V, +5 to your >1A power source
** If your power source was not the OpenMoko 1A charger, additionally connect a 47K ohm 5% resistor between the ID pin and ground to pretend to be the 1A charger.
+
** If your power source was not the Openmoko 1A charger, additionally connect a 47K ohm 5% resistor between the ID pin and ground to pretend to be the 1A charger.
  
 
In addition you need to make sure EN_USBHOST signal that enables the physical Host mode power generation and disables the USB -> PMU charging path is deasserted.  This may be taken care of automatically shortly by detection of the 48K resistor on a USB insertion leading to forcing EN_USBHOST deasserted.  The charge pump that generates the 5V in host mode doesn't seem to mind getting external 5V given to it, but the real issue is that the battery will not be charged at all if we leave EN_USBHOST asserted since one of its jobs is to stop that happening.
 
In addition you need to make sure EN_USBHOST signal that enables the physical Host mode power generation and disables the USB -> PMU charging path is deasserted.  This may be taken care of automatically shortly by detection of the 48K resistor on a USB insertion leading to forcing EN_USBHOST deasserted.  The charge pump that generates the 5V in host mode doesn't seem to mind getting external 5V given to it, but the real issue is that the battery will not be charged at all if we leave EN_USBHOST asserted since one of its jobs is to stop that happening.
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== GTA02v1 ==
 
== GTA02v1 ==
First generation of prototypes that was given to internal OpenMoko software developers. Total 30 pcs fabricated.
+
First generation of prototypes that was given to internal Openmoko software developers. Total 30 pcs fabricated.
  
 
*It is working just fine, but still based on 2440, with external NAND/SDRAM and no NOR flash
 
*It is working just fine, but still based on 2440, with external NAND/SDRAM and no NOR flash

Latest revision as of 09:46, 23 August 2008

오픈코코는 하드웨어 위에 올라가는 소프트웨어 플랫폼입니다. 네오 프리러너 핸드폰은 오픈모코을 이용할 수 있는 두 번째 하드웨어 플랫폼 입니다. 여기에는 하드웨어 사양을 기술하여 놓았고, 문서의 맨 밑에는 관련된 문서들이 연결되어 있습니다.


display (top) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCBA Component Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCBA Print Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCB Component Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCB Print Side photo

Contents

[edit] 요약

FIC는 리눅스 기반를 기반으로한 휴대전화를 개발하고 있습니다. 네오 프리러너는 GTA02라는 프로젝트 코드명을 가지고 있는데, 오픈모코를 위한 GPL 호환 펌웨어를 제공합니다.

아래에 하드웨어 부품의 자세한 사양을 기술하였습니다.


[edit] 특징

  • Display- Topply o2.8, 480 x 640 pixels, VGA, 200 NIT minimum, resistance type touch
  • User Interface Navigation- Touch screen on LCD, 2 control “buttons”, 1 Power button, 1 Aux for 911 emergency call
  • Built-in 802.11b/g Radio (Atheros chipset AR6001 Flash version)
  • Built-in Bluetooth 2.0 + EDR (CSR and support PCM audio , BC4 frimware version)
  • Built-in 2D/3D graphics acceleration chip (S-Media 3362)
  • 2 built-in Tri-Axis sensor (ST accelerometer LIS302DL)
  • Built in GPS Radio – -130 dBm with internal antenna, -157 dBm tracking on chipset specification, TTFF under 40 seconds with -130 dBm signal strength, and tracking (u-Blox)
  • Antenna – Specialized antenna for best in hand hold GPS, GPRS and Wi-Fi/Bluetooth performance are required, -105dBm on receiving, Tx 30dbm+2 on GSM
  • External Antennae – MMCX GPS connector
  • GPRS Radio –GSM/GPRS radio. A Pre-PTCRB certified module will be preferred
  • Linux – Linux kernel 2.6.24 or later Openmoko kernel
  • USB - Client and Host mode switch-able (to be used for software downloading), provide host 5v power
  • Power- Normal mode power will be via 1200 mAh battery with built-in coulomb counter, could charge via specialized charger. Internal Lithium Ion or Lithium Polymer battery will keep device in standby mode. Battery life (Approximation/Ideal Target) Standby time 150-200 Hrs (GSM) Talk time (Backlight off) Up to 3-4 hrs(GSM)
  • LED- LED indicator under Aux/Power button key

[edit] 하드웨어 사양

[edit] CPU와 메모리

  • 400/500 MHz Samsung 2442B Processor/SOC (400 minimum)
  • Boot code in NAND FLASH or 2MB NOR FLASH (optional design)
  • 128 MB SDRAM total, 64 MB CPU internal, 64 MB external
  • 256MB NAND Flash MCP package.

[edit] 디스플레이

  • Topploy VGA ; 2.8” diagonal, 480 x 640 pixels, 16 bit color depth
  • Transmissive display: good readability in high ambient light is essential
  • White LED backlight. Required brightness is 200 NIT minimum.
  • Resistance type touch panel.

[edit] 무선랜 장치(WiFi 802.11 b/g)

  • Must have GPL support source or GPL compatible policy
  • TX power at 11 Mbps: 13 dBm minimum
  • RX sensitivity at 11 Mbps: -89 dBm desired, -83 dBm minimum
  • AP mode desirable, not required
  • WEP and WPA supported
  • Atheros preferred because it's GPL policy

[edit] 시리얼 인터페이스 (UART)

  • Three serial interfaces are required
  • Console
  • A-GPS or GPS
  • GSM/GPRS

[edit] 가속감지기

  • 2x accelerometer required
  • Could support interrupt while suspend or power save mode
  • 3 axis sensing

[edit] 위치추적기(A-GPS)

  • GPS chipset receiver and antenna
  • Sensitivity at Antenna port: -157 dBm tracking on chipset specification
  • LNA and SAW filter for maximum interference protection
  • Cold start time to first fix: 40 sec typical at -130 dBm, 60 sec max
  • Must support GPL for Assist-GPS function with open API
  • Industry quality GPS
  • Could fit in GTA01 GPS area on the PCB

[edit] 위치추적기(GPS) 안테나 성능

  • Antenna is passive and internal; 15 mm x 15 mm ceramic patch is nominal design
  • Antenna LNA and SAW filter are required to meet GPS performance
  • 15 mm square ground plane (minimum 1 mm ground border around patch) (TBA)
  • There will be one external GPS antenna connector (MMCX)
  • C/N ratio should higher than 35 on production testing

[edit] 버튼

  • Touch screen over LCD is primary data entry mechanism
  • Two “hard” buttons: Power button (on side of Neo1973) is a mechanical switch actuated by a plastic pushbutton in a hole in the housing. Aux (911) button on the top of the device, All two of these buttons, when pushed by the operator, are binary inputs (on/off or pressed/not pressed) to the software. The effect of each button is determined by the application software in the device
  • Buttons may need to be backlit
  • 50000 cycles on hardware specification

[edit] 사운드 출력

  • Speaker in box (need good volume and acoustic behavior innoise environment)
  • Audio is monophonic*Max volume: 100 dB at 5 cm to assure good performance in environment.
  • Support earphone with mic by jack

[edit] 전력 설계 요구사항

  • Software based power management unit preferred
  • NXP PCF series preferred
  • Need support charge from USB function
  • Need support powered by USB function
  • Power switch: Neo1973 will have a power switch, for power on/off and suspend
  • Power/Aux switch must be backlit
  • Switch controls whether device is running or suspended by presses of the switch
  • Switch does not shut off the power; it only suspends/resumes the device
  • Internal Li-Ion or Li-Polymer battery is included. This battery supplies standby power to the device eliminates the rebooting of the device when local power is again reapplied. Battery is 1200 ma-hr.
  • Battery life (Approximation) Ideal/Target Standby time 150-200 Hrs (GSM) Talk time (Backlight off) Up to 4 hrs(GSM)
  • Estimated current draw for the entire device when in suspend mode (and ALL peripherals are turned off or set for deep sleep) is <5 mA at 3.6 volts (Li-Ion terminal voltage).
  • GSM module deep sleep(alive and keep contact with base station) stage should take less than 8mA
  • Battery will reach half capacity (~600 mAh) with 500 charge-discharge cycles. This will occur in less than 2 years of daily service.
  • When powered continuously, Neo1973 must suspend (to low power mode) based either on observed low battery voltage condition or a configurable time delay.
  • Neo1973 must monitor battery status while suspended and resume automatically if the charger is inserted.
  • Primary power connection: 1200mAh battery
  • USB charger have ID pin 47.5k pull down for Openmoko identification
  • Indicators: an LED indicator visible from the side of the unit will illuminate when charging or have missing incoming call

[edit] 이동통신 모뎀(GSM/GPRS)

  • 850/1800/1900 and 900/1800/1900 MHz bands must be supported
  • Design should allow for multi-band version (850/900 MHz)
  • Module based GPRS transceiver could meeting PTCRB and appropriate FCC certifications. It preferred that the module be pre-certified with PTCRB or OTA test
  • FCC/CE certification required for GSM/GPRS part

[edit] 이동통신 안테나 성능

  • -105 dBm receiving on each channel (GSM/PCS)
  • 30+2 dBm transmission on GSM channel

[edit] 무선랜 모듈

  • Must support GPL driver
  • Atheros AR6k preferred
  • Flash version required

[edit] 무선랜 안테나 성능

  • The Wi-Fi antenna with TX 13 to 15 dBm
  • RX -89 to -83 dBm @802.11b 11Mbps or an equivalent performance antenna

[edit] 블루투스

  • CSR BC4 or later solutions

[edit] USB

  • Neo FreeRunner GTA02 will have USB, client/host. Using USB 1.1
  • Could provide USB host 5v power
  • Could be powered by USB

[edit] 마이크

1 microphone is in the device

[edit] 펌웨어 이미지

  • Using Linux 2.6.24 or later
  • Could support boot from NAND or Boot from NOR
  • Shipping image should come with basic phone function
  • Could do full firmware upgrade by USB cable

[edit] 제품일렬번호

  • Device will have a PSN (product serial number) printed on the product label and machine readable in system NAND memory

[edit] IMEI

  • Production phase should have IMEI code written

[edit] 제품 규격

  • Weight: ~150 grams with battery.
  • 4 in 1 laser pen passed RoHs and safty regulation for laser equipment safty
  • 1x 512MB microSD Card (SanDisk/Transcend)
  • 1x USB cable Standard A to mini-B connector
  • 1x 1200mAh smart/gauge battery
  • Quick start guide
  • 5v USB power cord w/100-240 switchable power plug
  • Safety card, warranty card
  • Package could pass 1m to 1.5m drop test
  • AC USB charger,100v-240v, Passed UL and all required safety regulation
  • Must pass FCC/CE certification
  • Must pass NCC certification for Taiwan import regulation
  • RoHS Compatible
  • WEEE Report required

[edit] 내구 수명 규격

[edit] 제품 수명

최소 2년간 견딜 수 있도록 제작되었다.

[edit] 사용 온도

  • Target operating range is –10°C to +60°C

[edit] 저장장치 온도

  • -15 deg C to +70 deg C

[edit] ESD

The device can withstand a 4.0kV contact discharge and 8.0kV air

[edit] 낙하 시험

Should pass 1m direct drop to concrete ground or 1.5m on slide with carpet


[edit] GTA02 하드웨어 부품 선정

[edit] 물리 규격

  • 120.7 x 62 x 18.5 mm (4.75 x 2.44 x 0.728 inch)
  • 110 +/- 5 g (4 ounces) without battery

[edit] 주요 부품

[edit] 프로세서

The main Processor (CPU) of the Neo1973 GTA02 is a Samsung S3C2442B B54 (running at 400 MHz)

[edit] 전력 관리

A NXP PCF50633 04 N3 is used for power management.

[edit] 플래시

[edit] NAND 플래시

256MB integrated Samsung NAND flash inside the 2442 multi-chip package, attached to the S3C2442 NAND controller

  • Product Homepage: S3C2442
  • Data Sheet: S3C2442 B54 comes with 256 MB NAND MCP package
  • Connected to: S3C2442 NAND controller

[edit] NOR 플래시

16MBit ST M58WR016KB706E NOR flash for 'unbrickable emergency boot' feature.

[edit] 주기억장치

128MB SDRAM (64MB inside 2442 MCP, 1x Samsung K4M51323PC) attached to S3C2442 SDRAM controller

[edit] 이동통신모뎀(GSM/GPRS)

The GSM (including GPRS) modem is Texas Instruments Calypso based.

[edit] CALYPSO ASIC digital baseband

Unfortunately we cannot provide many details on the GSM chipset due to very tight NDAs. However, this is not neccessarily required, since it interfaces using a standard UART serial line with the S3C2442. On that interface, GSM 07.05, GSM 07.10 and other standardized protocols are used.

The NDAd documentation for the calypso, register definition and hardware definition was leaked onto a public forum on the 4th of March by persons or persons unknown. The legality of reading these files may vary according to your local laws, as may generating code from them.


  • Calypso D751992AZHH
  • The firmware within GTA02 should be moko6 or later (internal code name)

[edit] TI TWL3025BZGMR analog baseband

[edit] TI TRF6151 (GSM/PCS) RF Transceiver

GPRS Class12/CS4

[edit] AGPS

u-blox ANTARIS 4 chip

  • Connected to: S3C2442 UART2, /dev/ttySAC1 in userspace
  • Driver: none needed, talks standard NMEA
  • u-blox Antaris 4 Protocol Protocol download page
  • ATR0635 Datasheet: u-blox ATR0635

[edit] 가속감지기

Two ST LIS302DL

[edit] 그래픽/3D 가속

Smedia Glamo 3362.

[edit] microSD

The GTA02 has one microSD aka Transflash slot. Using the Glamo 3362 MMC/SD controller

[edit] LCD 모듈 (LCM)

Toppoly (tpo) 2.8" diagonal (1.7" x 2.27" - 43mm x 58mm) 480x640 TD028TTEC1 module, using a Toshiba JBT6K74 TFT LCD Driver Chipset.

[edit] 터치 스크린

[edit] 블루투스 모듈

Delta DFBM-CS320 Class2 Module, using CSR BlueCore4

[edit] 블루투스 오디오

This one is wired via PCM bus from the CSR Bluetooth chip to the Wolfson codec.

[edit] 무선랜 모듈(WiFi Module)

Accton (WLAN 802.11b/g SiP-M WM3236AQ(Flash Ver:2.0 Atheros AR6001GZ)

[edit] 진동기

[edit] USB 호스트

The USB Host controller is inside the S3C2442

  • Driver: Stock Linux kernel ohci_hcd
  • USB version 1.1
  • Supply USB 5v in Host mode using usb power switch AAT1275IRN-5.0-T1
  • A net EN_USBHOST is controlled by PMU GPIO "GPO", this one signal when asserted (high)
    • enables generation of 5V for external device using a charge pump
    • enables connection of 15K pulldowns to D+ and D- to allow device insertion and removal detection for host mode
    • DISABLES the path for USB power to charge the battery

It should also be possible to use host mode with externally-provided power. This will allow the FreeRunner to be connected to a USB device and be powered and charging the battery if present at the same time.

  • Connect 0V, d+, d-, +5 to your USB device
  • Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d+ and ground
  • Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d- and ground
  • Connect 0V, +5 to your >1A power source
    • If your power source was not the Openmoko 1A charger, additionally connect a 47K ohm 5% resistor between the ID pin and ground to pretend to be the 1A charger.

In addition you need to make sure EN_USBHOST signal that enables the physical Host mode power generation and disables the USB -> PMU charging path is deasserted. This may be taken care of automatically shortly by detection of the 48K resistor on a USB insertion leading to forcing EN_USBHOST deasserted. The charge pump that generates the 5V in host mode doesn't seem to mind getting external 5V given to it, but the real issue is that the battery will not be charged at all if we leave EN_USBHOST asserted since one of its jobs is to stop that happening.

[edit] USB 제어기

The USB Device controller is inside the S3C2442

[edit] I2C 장치

I2C is a simple communication standard intended to move small amounts of data a few inches between chips. Please see Neo I2C Devices for more information & a list of devices & the addresses currently in use & documented for the Neo1973.

[edit] 오디오

See also: Neo1973 Audio Subsystem

[edit] Wolfson 코덱

There's a WM8753 Wolfson Microelectronics CODEC (This is not a 'smart' codec that can interpret MP3/... it is a simple dumb 'sound card'.

[edit] Mono 증폭기

There's a National Semiconductor LM4853 Mono Amplifier at the analog audio output of the WM8753

  • Product Homepage: LM4853.html
  • Data Sheet: LM4853.pdf
  • Connects to (LM4853 pin):
    • S3C2442 GPIO: HP_IN, AMP_SHUT (shutdown);
    • Wolfson WM8753: LOUTL (LEFTIN), LOUTR (RIGHTIN);
    • speaker4102: (LEFTOUT/BLTOUT-, BLTOUT+);
    • headset-jack: ring 2 (RIGHTOUT), ring 3 (LEFTOUT/BLTOUT-) via 1uF-33R each

[edit] Analog wired Headset

There's a four-ring 2.5mm stereo jack which provides connectivity to old-fashioned wired headsets.

The headsets used by Motorola smartphones (A780,A1200, ...) and the V-360 have a compatible configuration.

ring
1(base): GND
2: right out
3: left out
4(tip): mic + HOLD-button(press:short to GND)

[edit] 버튼

The Neo1973 GTA02 features two buttons:

[edit] 케이스

The new case for the FreeRunner is all black, as seen on the front page on the wiki. Source: Mickey on IRC

[edit] 액세서리

[edit] 스타일러스 펜

Using 4 in 1 laser pen

[edit] 배터리

The Neo FreeRunner (GTA02) Battery is mechanically and electrically compatible with the Neo1973 GTA01 Battery, as well as limited compatibility with a Nokia BL6C battery. According to this post on the mailinglist. Photo of the battery inside the Neo1973.

[edit] microSD Card

GTA02 should come with one of following microSD card

[edit] 충전기

AKII Technology Charger

  • Model: A10P1-05MP
  • Input: 100-240v~ /0.3A
  • Output: +5v up to 2.0A
  • Add 47.5k 1% resistor between ID pin and ground for openmoko charger identification

[edit] 역사

[edit] GTA02v1

First generation of prototypes that was given to internal Openmoko software developers. Total 30 pcs fabricated.

  • It is working just fine, but still based on 2440, with external NAND/SDRAM and no NOR flash
  • Using the PCF50633 05 N3 due to 04 N3 not available, re-work power for basic schematics verification
  • Using GTA01 SIM socket
  • Add external debug port
  • Still using Global locate A-GPS
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0310

[edit] GTA02v2

Second generation of prototypes, Total 50 pcs run at Taipei SMT factory MOUNT

  • Ideal is have 256 MB NAND on Samsung package, Due to chip availability Start using S3C2442 B43
  • Using correct PMU PCF50633 04 N3
  • Change new SIM socket
  • Change to u-blox A-GPS
  • Change LCM power from 3.3v to 1.8v
  • USB power switch layout/pin assignment mistake, could not verify USB host supply 5v function
  • GPS function verified ok with good sensitivity
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0320

[edit] GTA02v3

Production verification version, 2007/10/11 28 pcs fabricate at FIC SuZhou

  • Still using S3C2442 B43 for hardware verification
  • Using control pilot run to verify S3C2442 B54 chips
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0330

[edit] GTA02v4

Mass production release candidate version 1

2 weeks after v3 gerber out, release the v4 gerber, and 2007/10/20 20 pcs fabricate at FIC SuZhou

  • Change LCM power from 1.8v to 3.3v for display stability issue
  • fabricate another 200 pcs for yield rate/production verification
  • fabricate 50 pcs with S3C2442 B43 (128 MB NAND) for quality comparsion
  • USB host power chip have some output voltage stability issues with Vb/Vcc comes from different power source, need layout change to fix the issue
  • Battery Coulomb design not working on A4
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0340

[edit] GTA02v5

Mass production candidate version 2/Mass production version

  • First batch fabricate 2008/1/14 at FIC SuZhou
  • Mass production A5 trial run start from 2008 March, including some resistor/capacitor change compare with inital 100 pcs prototypes A5, and prototypes for GTA02 developers was tracked in the Prototypes Page
  • Coulomb counter issue fixed
  • USB host power switch fixed
  • Need add capacitor for PMU Vbat input for stability issue, this could be done by direct SMT or hand rework
  • Need rework (still using SMT in production) add capacitor for PMU Vbat input for PMU stability issue.
  • Need manual rework GSM IR UART path a 100k pull down for better GSM deep sleep
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0350

[edit] GTA02 mass Production version change list

  • PMU's LED power error: PMU potential damage issue
  • NOR FLASH enable WP: User can write data into NOR FLASH.
  • CE CS/RS fine tune: Audio's background noise too high
  • I2C pull high resistor: The resistor is too high and signal is distorted
  • GSM leakage current: TX_MODEM has a pull high resistor on IO_3V3
  • Power consumption: Disable keep active function
  • SDIO clock and esd protect resistor
  • Refer to Datasheet: R1526 to 33K
  • GSM modem on pin: The R1018 is too small and has some leakage current
  • LED driving transistor: When GPIO is on, the transistor will be draw more current on LED. This is component change fix, do not need change PCB or re-work.

[edit] GTA02v6

Mass production candidate version 3/Mass production version

A6 will be fine tune version of A5, only minor schematic change for better product quality and version control. Capacitor and resistor change A6 also on mass production A5

  • First 100 pcs start from 2008 mid April, and factory make component placement mistake on GSM, second 100 pcs PCB arrive time TBD.
  • Add capacitor space for Vbat, reduce the SMT effort
  • Add GSM IR resistor for better GSM deep sleep
  • Reserve 3 GPIO for hardware version control
  • Fixed LEDs power usage (from about 150mW of v5 to about 25mW)
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0360

[edit] GTA02 A5 to A6 changes

  • Power Glitch on VB_SYS: Add capacitor on layout, Mass production A5 also apply this change.
  • G-sensor separate these interrupt pins: At A5, each accelerometer INT1/INT2 connected to same line, at A6 only INT1 was connected.
  • GSM_modem power source Reduce power's ripple when the phone is talking
  • Keep active Disable keep active function, just fine tune
  • GPIO for version control
  • GSM RX_IR has some noise Add resistor and reduce GSM RX_IR noise and gsm can't enter suspend mode easily, apply on mass production A5.
  • LED driving transistor apply on mass production A5.
  • LCM's VDDIO We can totally power off LCM's power, save about extra 1mA.

[edit] 개발 보드

[edit] Debug Board Connector definition

This is the connector used to connect the Debug Board and possibly other hardware.

Connections are:

  • 39 - GND
  • 38 - STDI
  • 37 - _RESET
  • 36 - STMS
  • 35 - STCK
  • 34 - STDO
  • 33 - GSM_EN
  • 29 - _STRST
  • 19 - X_I2C_SCL (H-TP4703)
  • 18 - X_I2C_SDA (H-TP4704)
  • 17 - SPI_CLK0
  • 16 - SPI_MOSI0
  • 15 - SPI-MISO0
  • 14 - SS0
  • 13 - EINT3 (H-TP4705)
  • 3 - CONSOLE_TXD (H-TP4701)
  • 2 - CONSOLE_RXD (H-TP4702)

Information from [1].

[edit] Distinguishing hardware revisions

[edit] Inside the Bootloader

Every hardware revision has its own u-boot image type. Thus, the bootloader has the revision hard-coded. The hardware revision is passed on to the kernel via the ATAG mechanism (ATAG_REVISION)

[edit] Inside the Kernel

The kernel receives the ATAG_REVISION during bootup, and saves its contents in the "system_rev" global variable.

[edit] From Userspace

The kernel exports the system_rev variable in /proc/cpuinfo as "Revision :" line.

[edit] Certification

[edit] FCC

[edit] NCC

  • For Taiwan Import
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오픈코코는 하드웨어 위에 올라가는 소프트웨어 플랫폼입니다. 네오 프리러너 핸드폰은 오픈모코을 이용할 수 있는 두 번째 하드웨어 플랫폼 입니다. 여기에는 하드웨어 사양을 기술하여 놓았고, 문서의 맨 밑에는 관련된 문서들이 연결되어 있습니다.


display (top) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCBA Component Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCBA Print Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCB Component Side photo
component (back) side NOTE: GTA02 A5 PCB Print Side photo

요약

FIC는 리눅스 기반를 기반으로한 휴대전화를 개발하고 있습니다. 네오 프리러너는 GTA02라는 프로젝트 코드명을 가지고 있는데, 오픈모코를 위한 GPL 호환 펌웨어를 제공합니다.

아래에 하드웨어 부품의 자세한 사양을 기술하였습니다.


특징

  • Display- Topply o2.8, 480 x 640 pixels, VGA, 200 NIT minimum, resistance type touch
  • User Interface Navigation- Touch screen on LCD, 2 control “buttons”, 1 Power button, 1 Aux for 911 emergency call
  • Built-in 802.11b/g Radio (Atheros chipset AR6001 Flash version)
  • Built-in Bluetooth 2.0 + EDR (CSR and support PCM audio , BC4 frimware version)
  • Built-in 2D/3D graphics acceleration chip (S-Media 3362)
  • 2 built-in Tri-Axis sensor (ST accelerometer LIS302DL)
  • Built in GPS Radio – -130 dBm with internal antenna, -157 dBm tracking on chipset specification, TTFF under 40 seconds with -130 dBm signal strength, and tracking (u-Blox)
  • Antenna – Specialized antenna for best in hand hold GPS, GPRS and Wi-Fi/Bluetooth performance are required, -105dBm on receiving, Tx 30dbm+2 on GSM
  • External Antennae – MMCX GPS connector
  • GPRS Radio –GSM/GPRS radio. A Pre-PTCRB certified module will be preferred
  • Linux – Linux kernel 2.6.24 or later Openmoko kernel
  • USB - Client and Host mode switch-able (to be used for software downloading), provide host 5v power
  • Power- Normal mode power will be via 1200 mAh battery with built-in coulomb counter, could charge via specialized charger. Internal Lithium Ion or Lithium Polymer battery will keep device in standby mode. Battery life (Approximation/Ideal Target) Standby time 150-200 Hrs (GSM) Talk time (Backlight off) Up to 3-4 hrs(GSM)
  • LED- LED indicator under Aux/Power button key

하드웨어 사양

CPU와 메모리

  • 400/500 MHz Samsung 2442B Processor/SOC (400 minimum)
  • Boot code in NAND FLASH or 2MB NOR FLASH (optional design)
  • 128 MB SDRAM total, 64 MB CPU internal, 64 MB external
  • 256MB NAND Flash MCP package.

디스플레이

  • Topploy VGA ; 2.8” diagonal, 480 x 640 pixels, 16 bit color depth
  • Transmissive display: good readability in high ambient light is essential
  • White LED backlight. Required brightness is 200 NIT minimum.
  • Resistance type touch panel.

무선랜 장치(WiFi 802.11 b/g)

  • Must have GPL support source or GPL compatible policy
  • TX power at 11 Mbps: 13 dBm minimum
  • RX sensitivity at 11 Mbps: -89 dBm desired, -83 dBm minimum
  • AP mode desirable, not required
  • WEP and WPA supported
  • Atheros preferred because it's GPL policy

시리얼 인터페이스 (UART)

  • Three serial interfaces are required
  • Console
  • A-GPS or GPS
  • GSM/GPRS

가속감지기

  • 2x accelerometer required
  • Could support interrupt while suspend or power save mode
  • 3 axis sensing

위치추적기(A-GPS)

  • GPS chipset receiver and antenna
  • Sensitivity at Antenna port: -157 dBm tracking on chipset specification
  • LNA and SAW filter for maximum interference protection
  • Cold start time to first fix: 40 sec typical at -130 dBm, 60 sec max
  • Must support GPL for Assist-GPS function with open API
  • Industry quality GPS
  • Could fit in GTA01 GPS area on the PCB

위치추적기(GPS) 안테나 성능

  • Antenna is passive and internal; 15 mm x 15 mm ceramic patch is nominal design
  • Antenna LNA and SAW filter are required to meet GPS performance
  • 15 mm square ground plane (minimum 1 mm ground border around patch) (TBA)
  • There will be one external GPS antenna connector (MMCX)
  • C/N ratio should higher than 35 on production testing

버튼

  • Touch screen over LCD is primary data entry mechanism
  • Two “hard” buttons: Power button (on side of Neo1973) is a mechanical switch actuated by a plastic pushbutton in a hole in the housing. Aux (911) button on the top of the device, All two of these buttons, when pushed by the operator, are binary inputs (on/off or pressed/not pressed) to the software. The effect of each button is determined by the application software in the device
  • Buttons may need to be backlit
  • 50000 cycles on hardware specification

사운드 출력

  • Speaker in box (need good volume and acoustic behavior innoise environment)
  • Audio is monophonic*Max volume: 100 dB at 5 cm to assure good performance in environment.
  • Support earphone with mic by jack

전력 설계 요구사항

  • Software based power management unit preferred
  • NXP PCF series preferred
  • Need support charge from USB function
  • Need support powered by USB function
  • Power switch: Neo1973 will have a power switch, for power on/off and suspend
  • Power/Aux switch must be backlit
  • Switch controls whether device is running or suspended by presses of the switch
  • Switch does not shut off the power; it only suspends/resumes the device
  • Internal Li-Ion or Li-Polymer battery is included. This battery supplies standby power to the device eliminates the rebooting of the device when local power is again reapplied. Battery is 1200 ma-hr.
  • Battery life (Approximation) Ideal/Target Standby time 150-200 Hrs (GSM) Talk time (Backlight off) Up to 4 hrs(GSM)
  • Estimated current draw for the entire device when in suspend mode (and ALL peripherals are turned off or set for deep sleep) is <5 mA at 3.6 volts (Li-Ion terminal voltage).
  • GSM module deep sleep(alive and keep contact with base station) stage should take less than 8mA
  • Battery will reach half capacity (~600 mAh) with 500 charge-discharge cycles. This will occur in less than 2 years of daily service.
  • When powered continuously, Neo1973 must suspend (to low power mode) based either on observed low battery voltage condition or a configurable time delay.
  • Neo1973 must monitor battery status while suspended and resume automatically if the charger is inserted.
  • Primary power connection: 1200mAh battery
  • USB charger have ID pin 47.5k pull down for Openmoko identification
  • Indicators: an LED indicator visible from the side of the unit will illuminate when charging or have missing incoming call

이동통신 모뎀(GSM/GPRS)

  • 850/1800/1900 and 900/1800/1900 MHz bands must be supported
  • Design should allow for multi-band version (850/900 MHz)
  • Module based GPRS transceiver could meeting PTCRB and appropriate FCC certifications. It preferred that the module be pre-certified with PTCRB or OTA test
  • FCC/CE certification required for GSM/GPRS part

이동통신 안테나 성능

  • -105 dBm receiving on each channel (GSM/PCS)
  • 30+2 dBm transmission on GSM channel

무선랜 모듈

  • Must support GPL driver
  • Atheros AR6k preferred
  • Flash version required

무선랜 안테나 성능

  • The Wi-Fi antenna with TX 13 to 15 dBm
  • RX -89 to -83 dBm @802.11b 11Mbps or an equivalent performance antenna

블루투스

  • CSR BC4 or later solutions

USB

  • Neo FreeRunner GTA02 will have USB, client/host. Using USB 1.1
  • Could provide USB host 5v power
  • Could be powered by USB

마이크

1 microphone is in the device

펌웨어 이미지

  • Using Linux 2.6.24 or later
  • Could support boot from NAND or Boot from NOR
  • Shipping image should come with basic phone function
  • Could do full firmware upgrade by USB cable

제품일렬번호

  • Device will have a PSN (product serial number) printed on the product label and machine readable in system NAND memory

IMEI

  • Production phase should have IMEI code written

제품 규격

  • Weight: ~150 grams with battery.
  • 4 in 1 laser pen passed RoHs and safty regulation for laser equipment safty
  • 1x 512MB microSD Card (SanDisk/Transcend)
  • 1x USB cable Standard A to mini-B connector
  • 1x 1200mAh smart/gauge battery
  • Quick start guide
  • 5v USB power cord w/100-240 switchable power plug
  • Safety card, warranty card
  • Package could pass 1m to 1.5m drop test
  • AC USB charger,100v-240v, Passed UL and all required safety regulation
  • Must pass FCC/CE certification
  • Must pass NCC certification for Taiwan import regulation
  • RoHS Compatible
  • WEEE Report required

내구 수명 규격

제품 수명

최소 2년간 견딜 수 있도록 제작되었다.

사용 온도

  • Target operating range is –10°C to +60°C

저장장치 온도

  • -15 deg C to +70 deg C

ESD

The device can withstand a 4.0kV contact discharge and 8.0kV air

낙하 시험

Should pass 1m direct drop to concrete ground or 1.5m on slide with carpet


GTA02 하드웨어 부품 선정

물리 규격

  • 120.7 x 62 x 18.5 mm (4.75 x 2.44 x 0.728 inch)
  • 110 +/- 5 g (4 ounces) without battery

주요 부품

프로세서

The main Processor (CPU) of the Neo1973 GTA02 is a Samsung S3C2442B B54 (running at 400 MHz)

전력 관리

A NXP PCF50633 04 N3 is used for power management.

플래시

NAND 플래시

256MB integrated Samsung NAND flash inside the 2442 multi-chip package, attached to the S3C2442 NAND controller

  • Product Homepage: S3C2442
  • Data Sheet: S3C2442 B54 comes with 256 MB NAND MCP package
  • Connected to: S3C2442 NAND controller

NOR 플래시

16MBit ST M58WR016KB706E NOR flash for 'unbrickable emergency boot' feature.

주기억장치

128MB SDRAM (64MB inside 2442 MCP, 1x Samsung K4M51323PC) attached to S3C2442 SDRAM controller

이동통신모뎀(GSM/GPRS)

The GSM (including GPRS) modem is Texas Instruments Calypso based.

CALYPSO ASIC digital baseband

Unfortunately we cannot provide many details on the GSM chipset due to very tight NDAs. However, this is not neccessarily required, since it interfaces using a standard UART serial line with the S3C2442. On that interface, GSM 07.05, GSM 07.10 and other standardized protocols are used.

The NDAd documentation for the calypso, register definition and hardware definition was leaked onto a public forum on the 4th of March by persons or persons unknown. The legality of reading these files may vary according to your local laws, as may generating code from them.


  • Calypso D751992AZHH
  • The firmware within GTA02 should be moko6 or later (internal code name)

TI TWL3025BZGMR analog baseband

TI TRF6151 (GSM/PCS) RF Transceiver

GPRS Class12/CS4

AGPS

u-blox ANTARIS 4 chip

  • Connected to: S3C2442 UART2, /dev/ttySAC1 in userspace
  • Driver: none needed, talks standard NMEA
  • u-blox Antaris 4 Protocol Protocol download page
  • ATR0635 Datasheet: u-blox ATR0635

가속감지기

Two ST LIS302DL

그래픽/3D 가속

Smedia Glamo 3362.

microSD

The GTA02 has one microSD aka Transflash slot. Using the Glamo 3362 MMC/SD controller

LCD 모듈 (LCM)

Toppoly (tpo) 2.8" diagonal (1.7" x 2.27" - 43mm x 58mm) 480x640 TD028TTEC1 module, using a Toshiba JBT6K74 TFT LCD Driver Chipset.

터치 스크린

블루투스 모듈

Delta DFBM-CS320 Class2 Module, using CSR BlueCore4

블루투스 오디오

This one is wired via PCM bus from the CSR Bluetooth chip to the Wolfson codec.

무선랜 모듈(WiFi Module)

Accton (WLAN 802.11b/g SiP-M WM3236AQ(Flash Ver:2.0 Atheros AR6001GZ)

진동기

USB 호스트

The USB Host controller is inside the S3C2442

  • Driver: Stock Linux kernel ohci_hcd
  • USB version 1.1
  • Supply USB 5v in Host mode using usb power switch AAT1275IRN-5.0-T1
  • A net EN_USBHOST is controlled by PMU GPIO "GPO", this one signal when asserted (high)
    • enables generation of 5V for external device using a charge pump
    • enables connection of 15K pulldowns to D+ and D- to allow device insertion and removal detection for host mode
    • DISABLES the path for USB power to charge the battery

It should also be possible to use host mode with externally-provided power. This will allow the FreeRunner to be connected to a USB device and be powered and charging the battery if present at the same time.

  • Connect 0V, d+, d-, +5 to your USB device
  • Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d+ and ground
  • Connect a 15k ohm resistor between d- and ground
  • Connect 0V, +5 to your >1A power source
    • If your power source was not the Openmoko 1A charger, additionally connect a 47K ohm 5% resistor between the ID pin and ground to pretend to be the 1A charger.

In addition you need to make sure EN_USBHOST signal that enables the physical Host mode power generation and disables the USB -> PMU charging path is deasserted. This may be taken care of automatically shortly by detection of the 48K resistor on a USB insertion leading to forcing EN_USBHOST deasserted. The charge pump that generates the 5V in host mode doesn't seem to mind getting external 5V given to it, but the real issue is that the battery will not be charged at all if we leave EN_USBHOST asserted since one of its jobs is to stop that happening.

USB 제어기

The USB Device controller is inside the S3C2442

I2C 장치

I2C is a simple communication standard intended to move small amounts of data a few inches between chips. Please see Neo I2C Devices for more information & a list of devices & the addresses currently in use & documented for the Neo1973.

오디오

See also: Neo1973 Audio Subsystem

Wolfson 코덱

There's a WM8753 Wolfson Microelectronics CODEC (This is not a 'smart' codec that can interpret MP3/... it is a simple dumb 'sound card'.

Mono 증폭기

There's a National Semiconductor LM4853 Mono Amplifier at the analog audio output of the WM8753

  • Product Homepage: LM4853.html
  • Data Sheet: LM4853.pdf
  • Connects to (LM4853 pin):
    • S3C2442 GPIO: HP_IN, AMP_SHUT (shutdown);
    • Wolfson WM8753: LOUTL (LEFTIN), LOUTR (RIGHTIN);
    • speaker4102: (LEFTOUT/BLTOUT-, BLTOUT+);
    • headset-jack: ring 2 (RIGHTOUT), ring 3 (LEFTOUT/BLTOUT-) via 1uF-33R each

Analog wired Headset

There's a four-ring 2.5mm stereo jack which provides connectivity to old-fashioned wired headsets.

The headsets used by Motorola smartphones (A780,A1200, ...) and the V-360 have a compatible configuration.

ring
1(base): GND
2: right out
3: left out
4(tip): mic + HOLD-button(press:short to GND)

버튼

The Neo1973 GTA02 features two buttons:

케이스

The new case for the FreeRunner is all black, as seen on the front page on the wiki. Source: Mickey on IRC

액세서리

스타일러스 펜

Using 4 in 1 laser pen

배터리

The Neo FreeRunner (GTA02) Battery is mechanically and electrically compatible with the Neo1973 GTA01 Battery, as well as limited compatibility with a Nokia BL6C battery. According to this post on the mailinglist. Photo of the battery inside the Neo1973.

microSD Card

GTA02 should come with one of following microSD card

충전기

AKII Technology Charger

  • Model: A10P1-05MP
  • Input: 100-240v~ /0.3A
  • Output: +5v up to 2.0A
  • Add 47.5k 1% resistor between ID pin and ground for openmoko charger identification

역사

GTA02v1

First generation of prototypes that was given to internal Openmoko software developers. Total 30 pcs fabricated.

  • It is working just fine, but still based on 2440, with external NAND/SDRAM and no NOR flash
  • Using the PCF50633 05 N3 due to 04 N3 not available, re-work power for basic schematics verification
  • Using GTA01 SIM socket
  • Add external debug port
  • Still using Global locate A-GPS
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0310

GTA02v2

Second generation of prototypes, Total 50 pcs run at Taipei SMT factory MOUNT

  • Ideal is have 256 MB NAND on Samsung package, Due to chip availability Start using S3C2442 B43
  • Using correct PMU PCF50633 04 N3
  • Change new SIM socket
  • Change to u-blox A-GPS
  • Change LCM power from 3.3v to 1.8v
  • USB power switch layout/pin assignment mistake, could not verify USB host supply 5v function
  • GPS function verified ok with good sensitivity
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0320

GTA02v3

Production verification version, 2007/10/11 28 pcs fabricate at FIC SuZhou

  • Still using S3C2442 B43 for hardware verification
  • Using control pilot run to verify S3C2442 B54 chips
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0330

GTA02v4

Mass production release candidate version 1

2 weeks after v3 gerber out, release the v4 gerber, and 2007/10/20 20 pcs fabricate at FIC SuZhou

  • Change LCM power from 1.8v to 3.3v for display stability issue
  • fabricate another 200 pcs for yield rate/production verification
  • fabricate 50 pcs with S3C2442 B43 (128 MB NAND) for quality comparsion
  • USB host power chip have some output voltage stability issues with Vb/Vcc comes from different power source, need layout change to fix the issue
  • Battery Coulomb design not working on A4
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0340

GTA02v5

Mass production candidate version 2/Mass production version

  • First batch fabricate 2008/1/14 at FIC SuZhou
  • Mass production A5 trial run start from 2008 March, including some resistor/capacitor change compare with inital 100 pcs prototypes A5, and prototypes for GTA02 developers was tracked in the Prototypes Page
  • Coulomb counter issue fixed
  • USB host power switch fixed
  • Need add capacitor for PMU Vbat input for stability issue, this could be done by direct SMT or hand rework
  • Need rework (still using SMT in production) add capacitor for PMU Vbat input for PMU stability issue.
  • Need manual rework GSM IR UART path a 100k pull down for better GSM deep sleep
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0350

GTA02 mass Production version change list

  • PMU's LED power error: PMU potential damage issue
  • NOR FLASH enable WP: User can write data into NOR FLASH.
  • CE CS/RS fine tune: Audio's background noise too high
  • I2C pull high resistor: The resistor is too high and signal is distorted
  • GSM leakage current: TX_MODEM has a pull high resistor on IO_3V3
  • Power consumption: Disable keep active function
  • SDIO clock and esd protect resistor
  • Refer to Datasheet: R1526 to 33K
  • GSM modem on pin: The R1018 is too small and has some leakage current
  • LED driving transistor: When GPIO is on, the transistor will be draw more current on LED. This is component change fix, do not need change PCB or re-work.

GTA02v6

Mass production candidate version 3/Mass production version

A6 will be fine tune version of A5, only minor schematic change for better product quality and version control. Capacitor and resistor change A6 also on mass production A5

  • First 100 pcs start from 2008 mid April, and factory make component placement mistake on GSM, second 100 pcs PCB arrive time TBD.
  • Add capacitor space for Vbat, reduce the SMT effort
  • Add GSM IR resistor for better GSM deep sleep
  • Reserve 3 GPIO for hardware version control
  • Fixed LEDs power usage (from about 150mW of v5 to about 25mW)
  • ATAG_REVISION: 0360

GTA02 A5 to A6 changes

  • Power Glitch on VB_SYS: Add capacitor on layout, Mass production A5 also apply this change.
  • G-sensor separate these interrupt pins: At A5, each accelerometer INT1/INT2 connected to same line, at A6 only INT1 was connected.
  • GSM_modem power source Reduce power's ripple when the phone is talking
  • Keep active Disable keep active function, just fine tune
  • GPIO for version control
  • GSM RX_IR has some noise Add resistor and reduce GSM RX_IR noise and gsm can't enter suspend mode easily, apply on mass production A5.
  • LED driving transistor apply on mass production A5.
  • LCM's VDDIO We can totally power off LCM's power, save about extra 1mA.

개발 보드

Debug Board Connector definition

This is the connector used to connect the Debug Board and possibly other hardware.

Connections are:

  • 39 - GND
  • 38 - STDI
  • 37 - _RESET
  • 36 - STMS
  • 35 - STCK
  • 34 - STDO
  • 33 - GSM_EN
  • 29 - _STRST
  • 19 - X_I2C_SCL (H-TP4703)
  • 18 - X_I2C_SDA (H-TP4704)
  • 17 - SPI_CLK0
  • 16 - SPI_MOSI0
  • 15 - SPI-MISO0
  • 14 - SS0
  • 13 - EINT3 (H-TP4705)
  • 3 - CONSOLE_TXD (H-TP4701)
  • 2 - CONSOLE_RXD (H-TP4702)

Information from [1].

Distinguishing hardware revisions

Inside the Bootloader

Every hardware revision has its own u-boot image type. Thus, the bootloader has the revision hard-coded. The hardware revision is passed on to the kernel via the ATAG mechanism (ATAG_REVISION)

Inside the Kernel

The kernel receives the ATAG_REVISION during bootup, and saves its contents in the "system_rev" global variable.

From Userspace

The kernel exports the system_rev variable in /proc/cpuinfo as "Revision :" line.

Certification

FCC

NCC

  • For Taiwan Import