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Le guide des quelques premières étapes pour ceux qui viennent de recevoir leur Néo1973.


Insertion de la batterie

Voir Disassembling Neo1973.

Allumage du téléphone

Écran de chargement

Il suffit d'appuyer sur le bouton d'allumage ( ça dépend de la version de votre u-boot, vous pouvez avoir à appuyer pendant 5 secondes ) pour lancer le bootloader, puis le kernel, et vous pouvez maintenant profiter de X/OpenMoko !

Une fois que vous avez pressé le bouton d'allumage assez longtemps, le vibreur lance une courte impulsion et le rétro-éclairage s'allume. Vous pouvez maintenant relacher le bouton d'allumage et regarder le téléphone se lancer.

Si la batterie n'est pas assez chargée, le téléphone ne démarrera pas, sauf si le cable USB est branché.

Extinction du téléphone

Pendant le mode bootloader, ou si le téléphone a planté

Si vous pressez le bouton d'allumage pendant 9 secondes, le téléphone s'éteindra. Vous pouvez le voir par le fait que le rétro-éclairage s'éteigne.

Pendant le fonctionnement du système Linux complet avec espace utilisateur

Dans ce mode, une pression de 5 secondes sera suffisant. Après ça le processus init prendra soin d'étindre correctement le téléphone, ce qui prend à peu près 20 secondes de plus. Le serveur X sera tué, vous verrez une console et le téléphone s'éteindra - tout comme un vrai système Linux.

Chargement de la batterie

The Neo1973 supports two charging modes: One 100mA charge mode (called pre-charge) and 500mA (called fast charge). Charging is always done via the USB socket. You can use any USB-A to USB-mini-B cable to connect the phone to any USB host.

Pendant le u-boot

While you are in u-boot mode, the phone only charges with 100mA by default. (This will change in one of the future revisions).

However, using the u-boot console you can manually enable fast charging. See U-boot#Battery_charger_related for more information.

Pendant que Linux tourne

As soon as the phone is connected via USB cable, it will charge. However, the default charging current is only 100mA, way too little if you want to operate the phone and charge at the same time.

If your USB upstream port is capable of supplying 500mA, then it will configure the Neo1973 accordingly and use 500mA charging mode. You can notice this by the following line in the kernel log

usb0: full speed config #1: 500 mA, Ethernet Gadget, using CDC Ethernet

Insertion de la carte SIM ( optionnel )

The slot is found just under the battery. The card holder has arrows indicating which way to push it to unlock it - make sure you don't open it with force when it's locked or it may break. Insert the SIM so that the pads make contact and push the holder firmly until it makes a click, then lock it - otherwise the card will not be detected.

To check if the SIM card is inserted correctly in Linux, you can have a look in gsmd logs or use the instructions detailed in the Manually using GSM page and issue the AT+CIMI command.

Getting shell access on the phone

En utilisant l'émulateur de terminal et le clavier à l'écran

"Click" (using a stylus) the top-left arrow icon to get a drop-down menu with "Media", "Settings", "Utilities" and "Desktop". Choose "Utilities->Panel->Input Manager", and a keyboard icon will appear on the top bar. You can get an on-screen keyboard at any time by choosing it.

With newer images, the keyboard comes up when you tap the white box in the top bar.

From the desktop, choose "Active tasks->rxvt" to get a root shell.

Terminal is in the top level menu in recent images.

En utilisant une émulation Ethernet par le cable USB

The standard Neo1973 Linux kernel has support for the "cdc_ether USB gadget", i.e. a standard implementation of how to emulate an Ethernet device over USB.

As soon as the kernel is up and running, and you have the phone connected via USB, you should get a usb0 device on your host.

The Phone will have the IPv4 address You can run `ifconfig` in the terminal on the phone to verify this (this is optional, just check it if it doesn't work given the instructions below)

If you plug a USB cable into a laptop running Linux, you'll likely see the "cdc_ether" kernel module being loaded and a usb0 network interface appear.

On the host PC, you should then configure your interface to by using

# ifconfig usb0 netmask

Then you should be able to

# ping

and last, but not least

# ssh root@

Once you press 'enter' (empty password), you should now have a root login.

See USB_Networking for more details, including instructions on how to automatically setup masquerading so that your phone can get access to the internet through the host PC.

En utilisant la carte de debug / prt série / JTAG

Please see Debug Board#Usage_Instructions

Avir accès à la console du bootloader

Please see u-boot#Using_usbtty_from_Linux

Commandes utiles sous Linux


Writing "mem" into /sys/power/state tells Linux to suspend - it will enter a low power mode where only the GSM and RAM are powered up and the CPU sleeps. It will persist in this state until a wake-up event arrives. Some currently enabled wake-up events are: AUX or POWER key press, USB cable detect.

If you're connected over ssh, sshd will stop responding when the OS suspends, so to avoid locking up your ssh client, use the command

# (sleep 1; echo mem > /sys/power/state) & exit

Initial backup

After getting your new Neo1973 booted for the first time you might want to make a back up of the original flash chip contents on your PC, before you overwrite the flash with a custom image or just update to a newer build. This is a good idea because there are parts in the root filesystem that can't be distributed over internet so they are only found in the shipped ROM (see the GPS driver). One easy way to back up all of the Flash, that doesn't require installing any special software, is with netcat over the USB ethernet. The following commands can be used for that.

On the host On the target
$ netcat -l -p 20000 > mtdblock0
$ netcat -l -p 20000 > mtdblock1
$ netcat -l -p 20000 > mtdblock2
$ netcat -l -p 20000 > mtdblock3
$ netcat -l -p 20000 > mtdblock4
# cat /dev/mtdblock0 | nc 20000
# cat /dev/mtdblock1 | nc 20000
# cat /dev/mtdblock2 | nc 20000
# cat /dev/mtdblock3 | nc 20000
# cat /dev/mtdblock4 | nc 20000

This stores the five NAND partitions in files named mtdblock*. Knowing the partition layout (u-boot "mtdparts" command or Linux dmesg) you can restore the whole flash with it.

Where to from here

You'll probably want to play with some of the interesting hardware in this device. Obviously, you can explore the applications available through the touch-screen interface. But for those who prefer doing things more in the raw from a shell prompt, you can manually use GSM or you can start playing with the GPS.