Host-based development with Xoo and Xephyr
Please see Getting OpenMoko working on host with Xephyr which might contain more up-to-date information.
This term means you develop most of your application in your standard desktop environment until it's almost finished. Then you can use a Toolchain to cross-compile your application for the Neo1973. Host-based development is incredibly more efficient since you can use your (typically) fast computer, large monitor, etc.
Xoo and Xephyr
Xoo is a GTK2 based graphical wrapper around a ‘Windowed’ X Server. The X server is typically Xnest, the nested X server, or Xephyr. It is intended for embedded developers that want to simulate a target device (with an accurate display size, working hardware buttons, etc) on a desktop machine.
Note that Xoo is not required to simulate OpenMoko hardware - it just improves the presentation.
Part I (precompiled software)
You need to install some software that is usually not present on a desktop system, but used on the Neo1973. Some of this software has already been precompiled by your friendly distribution packager, so you don't need to compile it yourself. Most likely you can install the following packages from your distribution repository:
Gentoo users run just
# emerge <package>
$ sudo apt-get install <package>
For Fedora, you can use
# yum install <package>
For Mandriva, you may try
# urpmi <package>
for any other find a way how to do it in your distro.
Part II (building from source)
You also need some software that is typically not found in your distribution repository, either because it's too new, too specific, or unheard of.
Most likely you will need to compile the following packages for your distribution:
To compile and install matchbox-panel-2:
mkdir -f /local/pkg/ohand cd /local/pkg/ohand svn co http://svn.o-hand.com/repos/matchbox/trunk matchbox cd matchbox/matchbox-panel-2 ./autogen.sh make install
To compile and install libjana:
mkdir -f /local/pkg/ohand cd /local/pkg/ohand svn co http://svn.o-hand.com/repos/jana/trunk jana cd jana ./autogen.sh make install
To compile and install libipkg:
mkdir -f /local/pkg/handhelds.org cd /local/pkg/handhelds.org wget http://downloads.openmoko.org/sources/ipkg-0.99.163.tar.gz tar xzf ipkg-0.99.163.tar.gz cd ipkg-0.99.163 ./configure make install
Building the OpenMoko applications
|TODO: ... (See: To-Do List)|
Starting the nested OpenMoko
In another terminal (not related to mokobox), start Xoo. Download  and run for a nice neo 1973 theme.
# xoo --device neo1973.xml
Using Xnest without xoo
If you don't want to use xoo (perhaps you don't have the required resolutions to display the large image) you can use Xnest on its own,
# Xnest :1 -dpi 283 -geometry 480x640+86+295
(if you get "Xnest: client 1 rejected from IP 127.0.0.1", try running Xnest with the -ac flag)
Start X Client
Now, back in chroo'ted environment, start X client:
Export display to connect to started xoo
# export DISPLAY=localhost:1.0
Start window manager.
By this time you should have Xnest & Xoo running OpenMoko in a window.
Set your theme to OpenMoko
If you find that graphics within Xnest & xoo are broken, try the following:
- Add a user and group 'messagebus', on some systems by adduser, on others by editing /etc/passwd and /etc/group)
- Start dbus:
- Register pango modules
pango-querymodules > /etc/pango/pango.modules
- Set the GTK2_RC_FILES variable before running OpenMoko applications:
Or edit $HOME/.gtkrc-2.0 to something like this:
However, this will make all Gtk2 apps run with the OpenMoko theme.
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