We have set up a SCM repository for experimental code and documentation at http://projects.linuxtogo.org/projects/sphyrna.
Christian did some stracing on TomTom device, and result is great logs at http://www.maintech.de/download/hammerhead-strace.log . 'pH5' on IRC has put up some traces at http://linuxtogo.org/~ph5/tmp/gllin (a cold start, a hot start and a somewhat longer trace). He even has a software that can init and send command to phase-1 openmoko device in http://linuxtogo.org/~ph5/tmp/hhtest.c . (Please use strace -s9999 -x to produce traces).
A file giving doppler information on the above longtrace NMEA is on .
User:mmontour has created a quick and dirty gtk program called 'satscan' which performs the first steps of a cold-start acquisition. It scans through the satellite numbers 8 at a time in several different frequency bands, and displays a symbol on the screen indicating the strength of each signal. The program (which includes portions of 'hhtest.c') is available here: .
http://home.earthlink.net/~cwkelley/ has sources for open-source GPS receiver, and http://home.earthlink.net/~cwkelley/documentation.htm is its documentation.
https://okeefesrv.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/essentials/index.html provides a library of useful GPS-related algorithms under a 3-clause BSD license.
GP2021 is "dumb" GPS receiver, similar to hammerhead. (But I think it communicates over ISA bus, not over serial). However, its data sheets are freely available. Well, hammerhead marketing tells us that their GPS chip is something special, http://www.gpsworld.com/gpsworld/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=3053 . It seems to differ from "dumb" receivers by doing code phase search in hardware, directly.
Packet format & comm protocol
See sphyrna project for up-to-date decoding info.