Automatic emulation in Ubuntu/zh cn

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emulation of Openmoko running on Ubuntu

This is a tutorial for getting an emulation environment on an Ubuntu system. For other systems see the Installation guide

Contents

安装

你要知道,有一个很好用的工具能使openmoko运行在Linux系统上,即[ mokomakefile ] 。This is a sort of wrapper round several instructions,所以它是很容易建立和维护的开发环境。如果您编译整个[ mokomakefile ] ,将需要硬盘大约12GB,swap + RAM内存约1GB和最低5个小时的时间。但我们将只编译qemu (我使用的模拟器)就只需要(我的系统上)890mb和15分钟的时间。

要让它运行,您将不得不调整您的Ubuntu(这不会影响其他程序,一切都会像以前一样) 。

  • 设定您的源 (System -> Administration -> Software Sources)选择:
    • Canonical-supported Open Source software (main)
    • Community-maintained Open Source software (universe)
  • 打开终端 (Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal)。
  • 输入以下命令,当要求安装 dash 作为/bin/sh时并选择NO (您需要输入您的密码)
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure dash
  • 安装必需的程序(您需要输入您的密码) :
   sudo apt-get install monotone git-core cogito python-dev ccache m4 sed bison make cvs gawk libc6-dev g++ subversion sharutils docbook openjade quilt libmpfr-dev libpcre3-dev texinfo texi2html libboost-date-time-dev libboost-filesystem-dev libboost-regex-dev libboost-test-dev libboost-dev zlib1g-dev build-essential dh-make debhelper devscripts gcc-3.4 lynx netpbm libsdl1.2-dev dosfstools help2man python-psyco lynx

您的系统已经准备好安装openmoko 。

现在我们就在MokoMakefile下载的目录安装和编译Openmoko。

  • 新建一个目录并进入到这个目录:
   mkdir openmoko
   cd openmoko
  • 得到 MokoMakefile:
   wget http://www.rwhitby.net/files/openmoko/Makefile
  • Make the MokoMakefile and tell it, you want to install it for qemu:
   make qemu

这步将下载所需的最新版本的文件,并根据mokomakefile编译它们 。之后,我们装第一次进入模拟器。 现在您已经成功安装openmoko到您的Ubuntu的系统了。

为Openmoko新建一个菜单项(可选)

按照以下步骤你可以新建一个菜单项来启动Openmoko:

  • 打开终端(Applications->Accessories->Terminal)
  • 进入到openmoko文件夹:
cd ~/openmoko
  • gedit打开moko.sh文件:
gedit moko.sh
  • 在文件中插入以下行:
#!/bin/bash
cd ~/openmoko
make run-qemu
  • 保存并退出
  • 运行以下命令:
chmod +x moko.sh
alacarte
  • 用下边的值来添加菜单:
    • Name: Openmoko
    • Command: ~/openmoko/moko.sh

如果您原意,按左上角的图片就可以添加一个适当的图标。您也可以下载一些有用的图标在下面的链接里:

在Qemu中运行Openmoko

如果您已经创建了一个菜单项,就可以通过Ubuntu的菜单启动Openmoko。如果您还没有,您就可以通过以下步骤启动它:

  • 打开终端(Applications->Accessories->Terminal).
  • 进入到文件夹:
   cd openmoko
  • 通过 MokoMakefile启动
   make run-qemu
	

第一个屏幕将显示openmoko的LOGO,之后立即出现启动菜单,这是由bootloader完成的。

在启动菜单,您可以选择不同的选项。选择一个选项,你必须按下ENTER ( =aux) ,用space键( =power)来执行 。默认选择将引导openmoko 。 因此,如果启动菜单显示,你只需要点击空格键。

openmoko的开机过程将以文本模式显示。根据您的计算机的性能,它可能需要一段时间(约几分钟)完成引导。完成时,您将看到的图形界面就像真机上显示的一样(可能略大,取决于你的屏幕像素) 。

使用Openmoko过程中的一点见意:

  • You can select the icon that looks like "+" for a list of applications you can run.
  • You can select the icon that looks like "three gears" for a list of applications that are running now. Here you can also terminate unwanted applications when you are unable to do so from within the application itself.
  • You can select the icon that looks like a "house" to get back to the first home screen.
  • The statusbar at the top is always shown and by clicking on the top-left corner you can switch to another application that is already running. The "Home" application is always running and clicking on it will bring you back to the home screen.

See Qemu for more advanced information on running Openmoko in Qemu.

安装 ipk 包

First you need a xxx.ipk package, see toolchain on how to compile an application for the ARM CPU and create the package.

Note that if at this point you have the Openmoko Qemu running, it is probably wise to terminate it first. Then you can install the xxx.ipk package for access by the Qemu emulator with:

cd openmoko
mkdir -p build/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk/a
cp xxx.ipk build/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk/a/xxx_a.ipk
make qemu-copy-package-xxx

Note: for some reason qemu-copy-package-xxx looks for above source file. Maybe this part can be improved, or a different command can overcome the problem of creating this directory.

When above make command was succesful the next time you start Openmoko Qemu, you still need to make the installed application available in the application list. For this you can select from within Openmoko the terminal application (Select icon that looks like "+" for the list of available applicaitons, select "Applications" and select the "Terminal"). In this terminal double-click, so you can type in the commands:

opkg install /media/mmcblk0/xxx_a.ipk
exit

After the "exit" command you should return to the Task list, in which the newly added application should be listed under a name which was choosen when building the ipk package.

升级 Openmoko

  • 打开终端 (Applications->Accessories->Terminal).
  • 进入的文件夹:
   cd openmoko
  • 用 MokoMakefile升级
   make qemu

问题

如果你有什么问题把它添加到这里

After issuing the command 'make qemu' in Gutsy, the installation eventually borks with

   make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/src/openmoko/build/qemu/arm-softmmu'
   make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/src/openmoko/build/qemu'
   [ -e images/openmoko ] || mkdir -p images/openmoko
   ln -sf `pwd`/openmoko/trunk/src/host/qemu-neo1973/openmoko/env images/openmoko/env
   ( cd images && ../openmoko/trunk/src/host/qemu-neo1973/openmoko/download.sh )
       Retrieving available builds list...
       Kernel is... not found
   make: *** [download-images] Error 255

BioGeek 02:03, 27 March 2008 (CET)

Do you still have the problem?

Dolfje 20:54, 9 April 2008 (CEST)

I tested this today (uImage-2.6.24+svnr4301-r4251-r5-om-gta01.bin) on hardy. Qemu doesn't compile with gcc4 you need:

   sudo aptitude install gcc-3.4

After the init process started, became the emulation extremely slow. It takes more than 15 minutes to boot the GUI on 2GHz CPU and you have to klick & hold the mouse several seconds to see any visual response. It would be great if there was a easy way to get a shell, i.e. why the serial port (ctrl+shift-3) doesn't have a getty & co attached?
Can anybody confirm this? --Captn 12:29, 18 April 2008 (CEST)

Personal tools
emulation of Openmoko running on Ubuntu

This is a tutorial for getting an emulation environment on an Ubuntu system. For other systems see the Installation guide

安装

你要知道,有一个很好用的工具能使openmoko运行在Linux系统上,即[ mokomakefile ] 。This is a sort of wrapper round several instructions,所以它是很容易建立和维护的开发环境。如果您编译整个[ mokomakefile ] ,将需要硬盘大约12GB,swap + RAM内存约1GB和最低5个小时的时间。但我们将只编译qemu (我使用的模拟器)就只需要(我的系统上)890mb和15分钟的时间。

要让它运行,您将不得不调整您的Ubuntu(这不会影响其他程序,一切都会像以前一样) 。

  • 设定您的源 (System -> Administration -> Software Sources)选择:
    • Canonical-supported Open Source software (main)
    • Community-maintained Open Source software (universe)
  • 打开终端 (Applications -> Accessories -> Terminal)。
  • 输入以下命令,当要求安装 dash 作为/bin/sh时并选择NO (您需要输入您的密码)
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure dash
  • 安装必需的程序(您需要输入您的密码) :
   sudo apt-get install monotone git-core cogito python-dev ccache m4 sed bison make cvs gawk libc6-dev g++ subversion sharutils docbook openjade quilt libmpfr-dev libpcre3-dev texinfo texi2html libboost-date-time-dev libboost-filesystem-dev libboost-regex-dev libboost-test-dev libboost-dev zlib1g-dev build-essential dh-make debhelper devscripts gcc-3.4 lynx netpbm libsdl1.2-dev dosfstools help2man python-psyco lynx

您的系统已经准备好安装openmoko 。

现在我们就在MokoMakefile下载的目录安装和编译Openmoko。

  • 新建一个目录并进入到这个目录:
   mkdir openmoko
   cd openmoko
  • 得到 MokoMakefile:
   wget http://www.rwhitby.net/files/openmoko/Makefile
  • Make the MokoMakefile and tell it, you want to install it for qemu:
   make qemu

这步将下载所需的最新版本的文件,并根据mokomakefile编译它们 。之后,我们装第一次进入模拟器。 现在您已经成功安装openmoko到您的Ubuntu的系统了。

为Openmoko新建一个菜单项(可选)

按照以下步骤你可以新建一个菜单项来启动Openmoko:

  • 打开终端(Applications->Accessories->Terminal)
  • 进入到openmoko文件夹:
cd ~/openmoko
  • gedit打开moko.sh文件:
gedit moko.sh
  • 在文件中插入以下行:
#!/bin/bash
cd ~/openmoko
make run-qemu
  • 保存并退出
  • 运行以下命令:
chmod +x moko.sh
alacarte
  • 用下边的值来添加菜单:
    • Name: Openmoko
    • Command: ~/openmoko/moko.sh

如果您原意,按左上角的图片就可以添加一个适当的图标。您也可以下载一些有用的图标在下面的链接里:

在Qemu中运行Openmoko

如果您已经创建了一个菜单项,就可以通过Ubuntu的菜单启动Openmoko。如果您还没有,您就可以通过以下步骤启动它:

  • 打开终端(Applications->Accessories->Terminal).
  • 进入到文件夹:
   cd openmoko
  • 通过 MokoMakefile启动
   make run-qemu
	

第一个屏幕将显示openmoko的LOGO,之后立即出现启动菜单,这是由bootloader完成的。

在启动菜单,您可以选择不同的选项。选择一个选项,你必须按下ENTER ( =aux) ,用space键( =power)来执行 。默认选择将引导openmoko 。 因此,如果启动菜单显示,你只需要点击空格键。

openmoko的开机过程将以文本模式显示。根据您的计算机的性能,它可能需要一段时间(约几分钟)完成引导。完成时,您将看到的图形界面就像真机上显示的一样(可能略大,取决于你的屏幕像素) 。

使用Openmoko过程中的一点见意:

  • You can select the icon that looks like "+" for a list of applications you can run.
  • You can select the icon that looks like "three gears" for a list of applications that are running now. Here you can also terminate unwanted applications when you are unable to do so from within the application itself.
  • You can select the icon that looks like a "house" to get back to the first home screen.
  • The statusbar at the top is always shown and by clicking on the top-left corner you can switch to another application that is already running. The "Home" application is always running and clicking on it will bring you back to the home screen.

See Qemu for more advanced information on running Openmoko in Qemu.

安装 ipk 包

First you need a xxx.ipk package, see toolchain on how to compile an application for the ARM CPU and create the package.

Note that if at this point you have the Openmoko Qemu running, it is probably wise to terminate it first. Then you can install the xxx.ipk package for access by the Qemu emulator with:

cd openmoko
mkdir -p build/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk/a
cp xxx.ipk build/tmp/deploy/glibc/ipk/a/xxx_a.ipk
make qemu-copy-package-xxx

Note: for some reason qemu-copy-package-xxx looks for above source file. Maybe this part can be improved, or a different command can overcome the problem of creating this directory.

When above make command was succesful the next time you start Openmoko Qemu, you still need to make the installed application available in the application list. For this you can select from within Openmoko the terminal application (Select icon that looks like "+" for the list of available applicaitons, select "Applications" and select the "Terminal"). In this terminal double-click, so you can type in the commands:

opkg install /media/mmcblk0/xxx_a.ipk
exit

After the "exit" command you should return to the Task list, in which the newly added application should be listed under a name which was choosen when building the ipk package.

升级 Openmoko

  • 打开终端 (Applications->Accessories->Terminal).
  • 进入的文件夹:
   cd openmoko
  • 用 MokoMakefile升级
   make qemu

问题

如果你有什么问题把它添加到这里

After issuing the command 'make qemu' in Gutsy, the installation eventually borks with

   make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/src/openmoko/build/qemu/arm-softmmu'
   make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/local/src/openmoko/build/qemu'
   [ -e images/openmoko ] || mkdir -p images/openmoko
   ln -sf `pwd`/openmoko/trunk/src/host/qemu-neo1973/openmoko/env images/openmoko/env
   ( cd images && ../openmoko/trunk/src/host/qemu-neo1973/openmoko/download.sh )
       Retrieving available builds list...
       Kernel is... not found
   make: *** [download-images] Error 255

BioGeek 02:03, 27 March 2008 (CET)

Do you still have the problem?

Dolfje 20:54, 9 April 2008 (CEST)

I tested this today (uImage-2.6.24+svnr4301-r4251-r5-om-gta01.bin) on hardy. Qemu doesn't compile with gcc4 you need:

   sudo aptitude install gcc-3.4

After the init process started, became the emulation extremely slow. It takes more than 15 minutes to boot the GUI on 2GHz CPU and you have to klick & hold the mouse several seconds to see any visual response. It would be great if there was a easy way to get a shell, i.e. why the serial port (ctrl+shift-3) doesn't have a getty & co attached?
Can anybody confirm this? --Captn 12:29, 18 April 2008 (CEST)